v.01.11.16
MOUNTAIN CREE (Asini Wachi Nehiyawak) Traditional Band
5217 Prairie Ridge, Maskwacis, Canada, TOM OJO www.inewhistory.com
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MOUNTAIN CREE (Asini Wachi Nehiyawak) Traditional Band

and Bobtail Descendants (Non Treaty)

5217 Prairie Ridge, CANADA, TOM OJO

C.E.O. & Administrator J. Fromhold, Ph.d Executive Assistant vacant I.T. Manager D. Mountain, B.Ed.* Project Manager G. Delorme Personnel Manager S. Twin Heritage & Environmental Protection Officers
Joe and Irene
J. Fromhold, Ph.D. O.v. Fromhold, B.A.* C. Mountain, Dip.* G. Delorme Archaeology J. Fromhold, Ph.D. O.v. Fromhold, B.A.* Research Department Heritage Consulting Legal Representative Heritage Consulting

BACKGROUND

The Mountain Cree Traditional Band is recognized by the Government of Canada as meeting the Supreme Court Rulings as a legally constituted Traditional Indian Band, rather than an "Indian Act" (i.e. "Treaty Indian Band"). Bands other than Indian Act Bands are known in Canadian law as "A Band In Fact". Because the Mountain Cree Band is a "Traditional Band", not an "Indian Act Band" (i.e., we have not signed a Treaty), we receive NO government funding. Zero. Nada. Moya. Nor do we receive Royalties on resources "looted" from our lands (which we have never surrendered). Nor do we receive rents or property taxes on our lands (to which we still have Legal Title) that has been rented out, sold or leased by the Government of Canada and the Government of the Province of Alberta. Our operations and staffing is all done on a volunteer basis, and costs are covered by the individuals and persons who undertake them. We have never in the past asked for funding. However, since we are now becoming increasinly involved in advocacy and rights protection, we appreciate any contributions we receive from Friends of the
Mountain Cree and Honorary Members. Donate By rulings of the Supreme Court of Canada, Canada must settle these matters in negotiation with the First Nations involved. The Government of Canada has further ruled that development projects on these lands must now settle with the First Nations for use of land, damages, loss of resources, and must give hiring priority to First Nations companies. The Pipeline companies are spending fortunes in trying to circumvent this law. To date the Mountain Cree have spent $ 1/2 million in trying to protect our lands and rights, and get these companies to adhere to their obligations. Other First Nations have spent more.
HISTORY TLU Maps Bobtail Families that signed Treaty Bobtail Families dropped from Treaty Rolls and disappeared Bobtail Members who did not sign Treaty Bobtail Members Buried at Rossdale PROJECTS Pipeline Development Monitoring Trans Canada Energy East Enbridge Keystone XL Enbridge Line 3 Enbridge Northern Gateway Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain NOVA Wolverine & 2017 Expansion Heritage Sites Protection visit: Central Alberta's Vanishing Heritage visit: Protect The Land Brewster Skywalk City of Red Deer Coal Valley Strip Mine County of Lacombe First Nations of Jasper Arts and Crafts Forestburg Strip Mine Maligne Lake Medicine Hills Moundbuilder Sites Nations of Jasper Rossdale (City of Edmonton) Burial Area 119 St. (City of Edmonton) Burial Sharphead Burials EVENTS JOBS BUSINESS AFFILIATES MOUNTAIN CREE
(Asini Wachi Nehiyawak) Traditional Band
5217 Prairie Ridge, Canada, TOM OJO www.inewhistory.com Home Projects Heritage Protection Events Jobs
MOUNTAIN CREE (Asini Wachi Nehiyawak> BAND 5217 Prairie Ridge, CANADA, TOM OJO

HISTORY

The Mountain Cree have a documented history in the area that begins in the Legendary History with the first arrival of man in the region. Legendry recounts events involving the legendary hero WISAKACHAK; this legendry states that WISAKACHAK arrived in Cree lands of southern Alberta from the Blackfoot. Travels and stories recount events as he traveled north along the foothills to the Athabasca River. This is the historic Mountain Cree territory. Statistical Linguistic and Ethnological Content Analysis indicate that these stories are have a base in historic fact. Legendry also recounts the Mountain Cree in the foothills in the immediate post-glacial period, which can be dated by the geological details included in the legend. Archaeological evidence shows that an archaeological group, or "band", existed in this area 5,000 years ago showing the same cultural and social traits as the historic Mountain Cree. Documentary reference to the Mountain Cree begins in 1630 and continues on into the present. Leadership of the Mountain Cree traces the genealogy of the leadership in a direct line to the chief recorded in 1650. This is the longest documentable history of any group in western Canada. Most other Bands in the Trans Mountain Expansion Right of Way (ROW) area can only at best document their history to the signing of Treaty in the 1870's or shortly before that time. The ASINI WACHI NEHIYAWAK (Mountain Cree) Traditional Band has knowlege of 2,000 past members of AWNTB and their specific histories and Land Use history in the area. By the 1870's the Mountain Cree part of a complex frontier society not dis- similar to what was to be found in Ontario of the American Great Lakes area. They were self-sufficient hunters, trappers, traders, freighters, contractors and homesteaders. There were gardners, herders, cartwrights, blacksmiths, log construction specialists, fort builders. Homesteaders had built the first irrigation in the west, had become the first hog-producers, and imported the first threshing machine into Alberta. By 1870 they had founded numerous frontier settlements throughout the west including Calgary. In the 1870's over 1,000 members of the Mountain Cree did not enter Treaty. It is estimated that today their descendants number some 30,000 persons. The AWNTB is descended from some of these persons who did not sign Treaty. More
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HERITAGE SITES PROTECTION

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Central Alberta's Vanishing Heritage visit: Protect The Land The Mountain Cree Band is an outspoken advocate for the protection of of sites of historic, cultural and religious sites of import to the aboriginal community. This is an ongoing struggle, and we have been involved in numerous legal squabbles with agencies of the Government of Alberta - who refuse to properly protect these sites or allow us to participate in their protection or planning. Alberta Culture and Alberta Energy have specifically stated that we have no rights to question them or to object to destruction of such sites. Some projects we are involved in are: Brewster Skywalk Coal Valley Strip Mine County of Lacombe First Nations of Jasper Arts and Crafts Forestburg Strip Mine Maligne Lake Medicine Hills Moundbuilder Sites Rossdale (City of Edmonton) Burial Area 119 St. (City of Edmonton) Burial Sharphead Burials There are no aboriginal archaeologists on staff with Alberta Culture. Alberta Provincial Archaeologists could not identify an aboriginal Cultral Site if the fell into it. One of their lead archaeologists could not identify a Sundance Lodge. Archaeologists working in Alberta do not require a background in Alberta archaeology, and even less in the aboriginal and cultural history. To counter this, MCB, Heritage Consulting, and Samson Cree Nation are in the process of putting together an all-native Archaeological team. Brewster Skywalk Back in 2011 Brewster Tansport - one of the largest Tour Bus companies in Canada - approached Jasper National Park to build the Brewster Glacier Skywalk, a see-through deck over the Sunwapta River Gorge, in Jasper. We asked the company to present their proposal to the Jasper Aboriginal Forum. There was no such thing as actual consultation with the aboriginal parties by either Brewster or the Park. The Nations of Jasper were of mixed feelings towards the project. Some were against, and others thought they could get some benefit from the project. We pointed out that the construction - then a public viewpoint - would close off public access except by paying Brewster to see the view. Furthermore to the Mountain Cree and others it was a spiritual location, where our people normally stopped to offer prayers. We could only support the development if there was continued public access to the viewpoint. Dave McKenna, Vice- President, assured us that they would see about accomodating our concern. And that, of course, was the last we heard of it. The viewpoint is now closed to the public. If we stop at the Brewster-owned parking lot at the site to pray we get chased off. If we stop along the highway (on the edge of a cliff) we are in danger of getting struck by traffic and harassment by the Parks Rangers. If we want to have prayers at the site, we have to pay Brewster to get access to the site, and then have to have our prayers with a crowd of several Brewster tour groups around. Parks and Brewster policies and development have deprived us of the opportunity to offer pivate prayers at a historic spritual site of our people. (We also normally get run off from Brewster's Athabasca glacier Chalet viewpoint.) City of Red Deer In many Alberta municipalities the municipal governments are authorizing massive development projects that cover many square miles of ground disturbance. For over a decade the Mountain Cree have been advocating with municipal governments for the protection of aboriginal cultural, historic sites and burials. We have requested that the relevant aboriginal groups be involved in the consultation process. The City of Red Deer city residential is roughly doubling in size. In the past the City has bulldozed through burials (including a burial mound with multiple burials, cultural sites, spiritual sites, and essentially anything that got in it's way - except of course non-native historic sites. Some years ago we suggested that the City require that such developments include consultation with the relevant aboriginal bands, in accord with the Supreme Court decisions. We did not receive a courtesey of a reply. Not until we brought a Human Rights action against them for destruction of said sites. Mayor Maurice Flewwelling profusely appologized, and offered us the opportunity to examine a small section of a new highway construction on the outskirts of the city (at our cost, of course) that had already been examined by a non-native consulting group. Mayor Flewwelling further promised that he would help us to work towards having the Province act towards implementing a policy to have aboriginal consultation into municipal development. We found that the consultant had missed several historic sites, 2 religious sites, an ancient (very old) buffalo kill site, an undistrubed camp site, and a campsite dating back to the spring of around 1810. We recommended further mitigative work to be done at the kill site and the two camp sites, and that a plaque be erected for the already destroyed cultural site. "Oh yes, certainly," was the reply. The next day the sites were bulldozed. "Oops, sorry 'bout that," of course. And that is the last we ever heard from Maurice Flewwelling. When we pursued the matter we were basically told to "F.... off." Since then more burials have been destroyed. Coal Valley Strip Mine Coal Valley/Coal Branch/Coalspur Vista, is a proposed 200 square mile strip mine in the foothills of Alberta south of Hinton. It is in a very sensitive ecological zone. It is in a very important and highly significant archaeological area; it lies at a critical point in the "Foothills Ice-Free Corridor", believed to have been the ancient route by which Early Man passed through the ice that covered the northern part of North America from 30,000 years ago to 16,000 years ago. Because of geological constraints, the Corridor here is narrow, with limited locations where these early migrants could camp and pass. It is a prime location for finding the earliest human sites in Alberta. The Ice Free Corridor was mapped in 1971 by the author (see the publication Alberta Archaeology). The ecology here is a warmer parkland refugia in the foothills that in Historic times was a major camping area for the First Nations people who used the area. The main east-west trail and north-south trail passed through this area. The first explorers - including David Thompson - passed through this area and left behind their campsites. Thompson's pack trains and resupply trains passed through this area and left their campsites. The Pack Trains were headed by the Chief of the Mountain Cree. We know where these campsites were. We brought all this to the attention of the Coal Valley development. They told us to 'bugger off', to paraphrase their reply. They had no intention of pursuing the necessary archaeological/historical study, let alone to involve us. This in spite of the Supreme Court rulings that there was a "Duty To Consult", and that aboriginal bands, such as the Mountain Cree, have never surrendered these lands, the resources on those lands, or the cultural properties contained on those lands, and the lands were still the legal property of said bands. County of Lacombe In many Alberta municipalities the municipal governments are authorizing massive development projects that cover many square miles of ground disturbance. For over a decade the Mountain Cree have been advocating with municipal governments for the protection of aboriginal cultural, historic sites and burials. We have requested that the relevant aboriginal groups be involved in the consultation process. Some of these projects included - Red Deer city residential development of several sections of land. - Ponoka and Sharphead burials - City of Edmonton 119 St. & Rossdale burials In Lacombe County this included - Potection of the Medicine Hills Sacred area. - Gull Lake resort developments covering some 1 section of land. Invariably these municpal governments went to check with Alberta Municipal Affairs. Municipal Affairs invariably told them that there was no need for them to consult with the "Indians", that the Indians had no rights to ask that cultural, historic or religious sites or burials, that only the Government could decide what was of importance to Indians, not the Indians themselves. In one instance where a local town was interested in joint co-operation with the Mountain Cree with regards to a significant local site, the Town was told that if they "co-operated with the Indians" or parties associated withe them, they "would lose government [of Alberta] funding for other community groups", such as the Museum, the Agricultural Society and so on. Also invariably, there was no reply or response from any of the municipal governments to our correspondences. First Nations of Jasper Arts and Crafts The Nations of Jasper for some time have been wanting a Cultural Interpretive Center in Jasper that would serve as an information center, referal for aboriginal businesses, and crafts outlet. An economic analysis indicated that for $10,000 per group we could set up a viable and self-supporting Crafts outlet on which an Interpretive center could be developed. A Mountain Cree member offered to put up 50% in Venture Capital to start up the store and Interpretive Center. To date none of the Nations other than the Mountain Cree have indicated they would partner in developing such a venture. Forestburg Strip Mine South of Forestburg, Alberta, strip mines are stripping off numerous sections of land for coal. These strip mines border on the Moundbuilder Culture sites and are probably destroying Moundbuilder sites. We brought this to the attention of the mines and requested an Archaeological project to look for existing sites. They refused, and in effect told us to F.... off (to paraphrase their response), that it was none of our business. The Province of Alberta agreed, and told us we had no business or rights to try to protect archaeological sites - that only the mine could decide what was a site of cultural importance to Indians. Maligne Lake Maligne Lake is a remote and isolated lake in Jasper National Park, the largest lake in the Mountain Parks system. It currently serviced by a paved access road, a canoe launch, a small Tour Boat operation, and a small service center for the Tour operation, including a small gift shop, cabins and cafeteria. There are a few hiking/riding trails and primitive campsites in the othewise pristine wilderness bordering the lake and backcountry. Maligne Lake is part of the traditional Mountain Cree domain, and shared with other Nations of the Nations of Jasper. The Nations of Jasper are unanimously against any further development in this section of the park. Maligne Tours has applied for a major expansion, including the construction of a 36-unit hotel and ancillary development. In their application Maligne Tours stated that the development would be aboriginal-themed to pay tribute to the aboriginal aspect of the region. Several of the Nations of Jasper, including the Mountain Cree, requested further information and clarification about this "aboriginal" aspect of the development and how the Nations of Jasper would be involved. None of us have received any response to our inquiries even though we have repeatedly asked over the past year. Parks Canada has recently rejected the Maligne Tours hotel proposal, but is continuing to consider the other proposals. Parks Canada did not advocate for or consider the aboriginal concerns brought forward by the Nations of Jasper in the Jasper Park Aboriginal Forum. Medicine Hills The Medicine Hills of western Alberta are a major sacred area. According to Cree legends the Medicine Hills was the last place where the Great Spirit appeared to The People in the days before they became seperated into the various tribes. The legend is our Flood myth. The Medicine Hills also contain a number of known burials, historic Vision Quest sites, Grandfather Tree shrines several hundred years old, and a Holy Spring. The spring, a large artesian spring, contains the only pre-european cut stonework in Canada, and at one time had a flagstone paved forecourt. See also the publication The Medicine Hills: Sacred Ground The Mountain Cree have for the past decade been trying to protect these sites from damage - our attempts continually being rejected by the Government of Alberta. We have continually fought to prevent drilling companies from drilling on these sites or in the vicinity of the spring. The Town of Bentley intends to seal up the spring in order to use the waters for snow-making for the nearby ski hill. Again, this is an ongoing costly undertaking for the Mountain Cree. Since we have no independent source of financing, we have to rely on on volunteers and personal financing. We would sincerely appreciate donations to help up protect these sites. Donate Moundbuilder Sites In 2009 the C.E.O. of the Mountain Cree, historian and Archaeologist, discovered the existence of a Moundbuilder Culture in Alberta, subsequently named the Alberta Moundbuilder Culture. The Moundbuilder Culture is a neolithic farming culture that existed in North America for some 1,500 years, found mainly in Mississipi, the Ohio Valley and the U.S. Southeast. The Moundbuilder culture is characterized by the building of Burial Mounds, Linear Mound, Temple Mounds and Temples, House Mounds and farms. The Alberta Moundbuilders, which existed around 1,000-1,200 A.D., is the furthest northern expression of the Moundbuilder Culture, some 1,000 km. from the Moundbuilder heartland. To date some 12 major Moundbuilder sites have been found in Alberta, some of up to 80 acres in size. Included are Temple Mounds, Burial Mounds, House Mounds, Linear Mounds and Farm sites. The Albert sites also have hydrological sites, including irrigation and artificial lakes. They are unique for a number of reasons. They are the only undistrubed Moundbuilder sites in North America, and the only sites where irrigation, garden and pond sites have been found. Unlike elsewhere they have the only undestroyed farm sites exist anywhere else in North America. The main site is a village site with houses, burial mounds, temples, linear mounds, water source, gardens, duck ponds and fisheries. The Alberta Moundbuilder sites are unique in Canada. They are the largest archaeological sites and, together, are the largest undistrubed Moundbuilder sites in North America. Click on these sites for more information and a more detailed discussion of the Moundbuilder sites and see the following publications. The Moundbilders in Alberta Alberta Archaeology Since there is no current agency capable of protecting these sites the Mountain Cree have undertaken to acquire these sites so that we can protect these sites, and to make them available to the public. To this end we are trying to raise funding through a Fundrazr account, or donate directly here on Paypal. Donate And we offer an opportunity to own part of these sites. The sites will become public-owned National Historic Sites, administered by the Mountain Cree and also be used for Carbon Offset. Nations of Jasper The Jasper National Park area had historically been used by a number of First Nations. In 1911 Jasper Park was founded, the historic First Nations now being forced out of and excluded from their historic hunting territory. Native families who had established homesteads in the park (including farms and stores) were evicted from the Park. One of these groups was the O'Chiese Band. The O'Chiese Family, along with other families, moved into the foothills area from Saskatchewan around 1900, roaming in the Rocky Mountain House-Whitecourt-Jasper area. In 1954 some members of the band signed Treaty in 1954. Some members, under Peter O'Chiese refused to sign, and continued to roam throughout the area, among them Jimmy O'Chiese, who came to head up the band remnants after the death of his father, becoming known as the Foothills Ojibway Band. Around 2000 Chief Jimmy O'Chiese began advocate with Jasper National Park in an attempt have the park to be allowed to return to Jasper National Park and be allowed to practice their traditional activities in the park. His advocacy received some sympathetic response from the Park Superintendant, on the grounds that Aborignal Use was part of the traditional ecology of the Park, and there was a gradual move to move towards some re-integration of the historic aboriginal users into the Park operations. In time, this was expanded to include those parties who had a historic association with the Park - at the same time there was a move by some of these parties towards filing legal Land Claims against the Government of Canada with regards to the park. Jasper Park then established the Jasper Park Aboriginal Forum, an advisory board consisting of the relevant historic aboriginal parties. The Forum had no actual decision-making authority, and was originally only a sounding board used by the Park to explain to the aboriginal parties Parks policies, activities and concerns. Plans were developed by the Park to establish an Aboriginal Cultural Area that would be made available for the aboriginal groups where they they could undertake traditional Cultural activities. By 2010 some 36 parties were included in the Forum, including the Mountain Cree Band, although attendance at the meetings has often been spotty by some of the Nations. From the first involvement by the Mountain Cree they have been a consistent and full participant and supporter of the move to re- integrate an aboriginal presence in the park. Mr. Fromhold, the C.E.O. of the Mountain Cree, has attended all meetings during that time, the only representative from any of Nations to do so. In 2011 the members of the Forum took the opportunity of the replacement of a Haida Totem Pole by Parks Canada in downtown Jasper in a Jasper Park History publications by J. Fromhold, C.E.O. of the Mountain Cree Band. 2017 Aboriginal Days events Rossdale (City of Edmonton) Burial Area The Rossdale Flats at Edmonton, at the bottom of 105 St., is a historic Indian burial grounds. The oldest known burial there is some 8000 years old. In 1813 Fort Edmonton was built on the flats, and the burial grounds became the official burial grounds of those who died in and around Edmonton. It is estimated that there are some 2000 burials scattered around the flats. We know of some 130 of these burials, many of whom we can identify by name and family. We know who they were, and their history. At one time there were numerous gravestones and markers on these flats. These gravestones were all removed by the City of Edmonton. Since 1900 the City of Edmonton has steadily been building on the site, trenching through it, and disturbing the graves. Every few years there were reports of new burials being destroyed. We do not know how many of the burials were destroyed in this way. Most of these disturbed graves were merely cast aside or hauled away to landfills. As early as 1910 one lady had her baby exhumed and took the remains for re-burial to prevent the desecration of the grave. Begining in the 1950's some of these burials were salvaged and the remains deposited with the University of Alberta or with the Provincial Museum. Most of these remains and the records have since been "lost" and disapeared. Various of the First Nations groups have repeatedly asked for the graves to be protected, without result. The City repeatedly claims that all the burials in the site have been found, and there are no more graves there. The, surprise, surprise, new burials are found, and the city remorsfully says "Oops! didn't know. Sorry 'bout that." and then repeats the old Mantra that all the graves have been found and there are no more burials at the site. Some of these burials are known ancestors of the Mountain Cree, including ASINI, "Mountain", Chief of the band. For the past 10 years the Mountain Cree Band has been trying to have these burials protected, and to have a say in what is being done at Rossdale. We have also submitted a suggested Protocol of how these disturbed burials should be treated. The City has steadfastly rejected implementing any Protocols, and has refused to include the Mountain Cree in any consultation. Still, the City claims that it consults with the aboriginal community, though no meaningful consultation or involvement has ever been implemented. For more information see Rossdale. In December of 2016 a hearing into expansion of the EPCOR - with more ground distrubance - faclity is being held. The Alberta Utilities Commission refused Intervenor status to the Mountain Cree, but did allow the Mountain Cree to speak to the Hearing (at our own costs, of course). The Alberta Utilities Commission has historically refused to recognize the Mountain Cree, in keeping with the policy of the Government of Alberta. 119 St. (City of Edmonton) Burial In 2008 a burial was disturbed at 119 St. during construction of the LRT extention. Half the remains were sent to a landfill, the remainder being salvaged. The original claim by the City (and Province) claimed that it was the burial of a "settler" from ca. 1920. We were called in to independently assess the remains - but were deprived of the right to examine the remains or obtaining a copy of the excavation report. No such report was actually produced until after we began to question the official statements. Drawing on information from news releases we determined that there was never a settler at that location, and that it was a burial from the 1890's, a time when the site was part of the Paspaschew Indian Reservation, and in fact, close to the home of one of the families on the reserve. From an independent source who had access to the remains we obtained information that indicated that the burial was of a female, and of Cree Indian origin. The Province finally conceeded that it was a burial from ca. 1890 and of a female, but claimed that it was the burial of a white person (because of eyelets from a shoe), and of an "Eastern European woman". We countered, questioning how the remains of an Eastern European Woman differed from that of an aboriginal woman - especially since no diagnostic bones were recovered from the burial (those had "disappeared" prior to examination). Given the available information, we determined that it was the remains of Elizabeth Hope, wife of Francois Gladue. We requested that that the remains be re-buried in a manner suitable to the aboriginal community. This was not done. We requested further information on how and where the remains were re-interred, but received no such information. Today we do not know where or how Mrs. Gladue was re-interred, if she was re-interred in an appropriate manner, buried in a lard- pail, or simply thrown into a hole, The remainder of the remains is still in an undisclosed landfill. For more information see 119 St. Burial. Sharphead Burials Back in 1884 the CHIPOS OSTIKWAN ("Sharp/Pointed Head") Band took a reserve on the Battle River at the present site of Ponoka. The location was prime agricultural land. Over the next few years the suffered some serious devastation from disease. The survivors were convinced to sell the reserve lands, assured that they and their would be wealthy forever. Forever did not last long. During the short existence of the reservation some 200 persons were buried in several cemeteries and on isolated locations on and around the reserve. The main cemetery was at the Methodist mission site. In 1954 (and probably earlier) a government development project trenched through this cemetery. "Oops!", said the government, "didn't know. Sorry 'bout that." What happened to the exhumed remains is unknown. In 1964 a government development project again trenched through the cemetery. "Oops!", said the government, "didn'tknow. Sorry 'bout that." Some 28 graves were disturbed and archaeologists were sent in to "salvage" the burials. The remains were moved to the University of Alberta, where they had a gay old time examining and measuring the remains and eventually forgot about them. (From the few records we were able to obtain we have tentatively identified 3 of the persons, and the time of year that they were interred.) About 10 years ago government development project again trenched through the cemetery. "Oops!", said the government, "didn'tknow. Sorry 'bout that." Again the archaeologists were sent in, but this time (after the usual gay old time measuring, etc.) the remains were re-interred. At the same time the Town of Ponoka annexed a large amount of land adjacent to the town which was also once part of the reserve. We advised them that there were burials and other sites on this tract of land, and these sites should be identified, maped, and mitigated as necessary. The Town of Ponoka told us to mind our own business and buzz off, they were already in discussion with the four bands at Hobbema. Which, according to these bands, was not true. However, the Town eventually did contact these bands about the Sharphead burials. They did not include us in this process, and we chose to let the Four Bands take the lead. In 2014 the Sharphead burials were re-interred in a ceremony. We were not invited. The Town of Ponoka has taken no action about identifying, maping and mitigating the sites in the annexed tract. MOUNTAIN CREE
(Asini Wachi Nehiyawak) Traditional Band
5217 Prairie Ridge, Canada, TOM OJO www.inewhistory.com Home Projects Heritage Protection Events Jobs
MOUNTAIN CREE (Asini Wachi Nehiyawak> BAND 5217 Prairie Ridge, CANADA, TOM OJO
EVENTS 2017 National Aboriginal Days Annual Assembly The Mountain Cree Band has normally been participants in the Nations of Jasper events at Jasper National Park. This includes participation in the Jasper Aboriginal Forum, Annual Assemblies and the National Aboriginal Days, among others. 2017 Aboriginal Days The Mountain Cree will again book the Native Cultural Area for the four days of the Aboriginal Days. Visitors and guests are welcome to stay with us for those days. Camping is free for participating parties. Activities will include Opening Ceremony Cultural Site Ceremonial Fire Improvised Shelter Making course Cultural Site Improvised Tipi Making Cultural Site Bow Making Cultural Site Cultural Site Orientation Cultural Site Opening Ceremony Jasper Townsite Grand Entry participation Jasper Townsite Crafts Booth Jasper Townsite Photo Booth Jasper Townsite Stage Entertainment Jasper Townsite Whistler Campground History of Jasper Presentation Cultural Site Maligne Lake Pot Luck Feast Cultural Site Drummers Cultural Site Closing Ceremony Cultural Site The Cultural site is located at the end of the 6th Bridge Road, off the Maligne Canyon road. ANNUAL ASSEMBLY The first National Assembly of the Nations of Jasper was in 2011 in association with the , and was attended by all 36 First Nations Groups who constitute the Nations of Jasper and the Jasper Abriginal Forum. Mr. Fromhold, C.E.O. of the Mountain Cree was designated as Camp Organizer and planner, a four-year position. The Mountain Cree served as the Host Nation during those years. In 2012 Mr. O.v. Fromhold and Mr. D. Mountain of the Mountain Cree were designated as the Firekeepers of the Ceremonial Fire that is maintained throughout the assembly. Mr. H. Mustus of Alexis Nakoda Nation has been the principal ceremonialst at these events, assisted by Elders from the other Nations. MOUNTAIN CREE
(Asini Wachi Nehiyawak) Traditional Band
5217 Prairie Ridge, Canada, TOM OJO www.inewhistory.com Home Projects Heritage Protection Events Jobs
MOUNTAIN CREE (Asini Wachi Nehiyawak> BAND 5217 Prairie Ridge, CANADA, TOM OJO
JOBS Secretary/Clerical Trainer and Trainees Mountain Cree Band has a number of employment opportunities opening up in the spring of 2015. Most of these jobs are associated with Pipeline monitoring and development. Hiring preference is to hire Mountain Cree Members and Bobtail Descendants. BUSINESS AFFILIATES
Mountain Cree Business Group Asini Wachi Manpower Services * Asini Wachi Nehiyawak Consultation
Affiliates Alberta Moundbuilder Protection Society * Classic Auto Repair Donalda Buffalo Pound Development O Kichita * Donalda Holdings First Nations Publishing * Fromhold Security * Heritage Consulting iNEW Development Society * Inew Hair Salon * J. Fromhold Business Management Kayashik O Kichita * Lawrence Trucking * Moundbuilder Holdings Mountain Cree Museum Society * Mountain Ranching * Mountain Hotshot Delivery Mountain Spring Water * Museum Development Consulting * Northern JanitoriaL Paintball Warrior * Red Deer Antiques * Sheldon Mountain Trucking Temple Mounds Development * Todd's Welding * Yardwork
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