Member: Heritage Canada Mountain Parks Aboriginal Advisory Forum
Nations of Jasper Camp Administrator/Host Nation, 2011-2014 Nations of Jasper Assembly
ALBERTA HISTORIC SITES INTERACTIVE SITE
Volume 3:12 December 2016
Newsheet of the Mountain Clan
718 * Blackfalds, Alberta * CANADA TOM OJO * 1-403-885-2991
www.inewhistory.com c/o firstname.lastname@example.org
Tanisi. Hello again. Welcome the Mountain News.
Ranked the # 1 Aboriginal Website
Back copies of Mountain News
HAPPY NEW YEAR 2017
NEW DEMOCRATIC PARTY (NDP)
Name-calling is out of place. "Lock her up!" Come on folks. Stupidity is not a
crime. Or else all those chanters, the entire Alberta NDP Caucus and the Federal
Liberal cabinet would be in jail. Remember, over 1/2 of Canadians are below
average intelligence. Worse than that, since 1980 the Average intelligence has
decreased from an IQ of 115 to an IQ of 80. In other words, some 3/4 of Canadians
are below what was the average intelligence in 1980. By definition that makes
Amazing how quickly a "People's Party" become hypocites once they get to belly
up to the trough. With Allison Redford they squealed like stuck pigs about Redford
spending $1,500,000 on advertising. Now they squal like pigs at a trough, and are
spending $9,000,000 in advertising to tell us how good and brilliant they are, and
how wonderful their Carbon Recovery Action Plan
Nothing but Clowns.
The Provincial CONSERVATIVES
Who? If they had Rona Ambrose as future leader they might actually have a chance
at a comeback. I have been in contact with Rona about the Conservatives supporting
a 50th Anniversary celebration of Diefenbaker's extension of Rights and Citizenship
to the aboriginal community in 1968.
It took the Fed. Conservatives 10 years to descend into sleezeballs wallowing
in the trough. It has taken the Fed. Liberals only 1 year to get back to the
same thing that they were so good at before.
The Liberals have a history of being two-faced, saying one thing for the News
coverage, and then doing the opposite. They are not to be trusted. (At least
the NDP plainly state that "We are Going to Screw You and You Will Like It!!!".)
I see virtually nothing worthwhile that they have done so far. And what little
they have done they have screwed up. They have abandoned or dropped almost every
one of their campaign promises (see Trudeau)
Trudeau is living high off the hog, traipsing around the world and handing out
billions of dollars that could be better used at home. McCallum has his brain-
freeze on Syrian refugees. They say that the average intelligence of a crowd is
that of the lowest intelligence in the crowd. And here we have McCallum and Dion.
These guys don't even have the guts to call Christmas Christmas. Jackasses.
What more can I say?
The only ones who are actually saying anything worthwhile and sensible.
IDLE NO MORE
BLACK LIVES MATTER
If you have any business ideas or interests, let me know. We can talk it over
and look into it.
See the article attached below.
The Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs are organizing protests. Same is happening in
Delgamuukw vs. Canada)
Mountain News, November
Mountain News, December
Mountain News, January
Mountain News, February
Mountain News, May
Mountain News, June
Mountain News, July
Mountain News, August
Mountain News, September
Mountain News, November
ASSOCIATION OF FIRST NATIONS ARCHAEOLOGISTS AND HISTORIANS
Directors of the Association are J. Fromhold, Ph.D., Darryel Sowan, M.A.,
Edward Cardinal (Enoch), Duane Kootenay (Alexis), Norine Saddleback (Maskwachis).
BOBTAIL BAND DESCENDANTS
AWNTB is currently attempting to track the descendants of
the Bobtail Band who did not enter Treaty or who withdrew
from Treaty, as these would be elegibel for membership.
About 30 interested persons are contacting me each month.
ROSSDALE BURIAL AREA
Oh Gee, they destroyed another burial. What a surprise. Of
course the Province/Alberta Culture did not bother to do a
DNA analysis to find out who these persons may have been.
Guess what? Neither Edmonton nor the Alberta Government
has contacted us even though they and EPCOR know that our
clan has some 94 persons buried there, and I have on file
the names and personal histories of over 150 persons
This is nothing new. Six years ago they badly screwed up
the 111 St. Burial.
For more information go to
111 St. Burial
DID YOU KNOW
Bombardier, that Quebec company that gets billions of
dollars in subsidies, grants and bailouts from Canada
operates a factory in Morocco that employs thousands
of persons. How many of them are Canadians?
Corporate Welfare Bums.
Good to hear that Donny is recovering well. Chris too. Best Wishes.
The following Jobs may still be available to Mountain members
Social Media Blog Editor
Tim Lasiuta is now maintaining a facebook site:
1977 Olds; G+; $7,500.00
1967 Cougar (early production; rare serial 900), matching #'s; VG; $14,000.00
1967 Cougar (early production/week 2; rare), matching #'s; VG; $8,000.00
WHAT IS A WARRIOR?
What is a Chief
What is a Warrior
Maski Piton's Band publication
Louis Joseph Piche publication
Jacques Cardinal publication
Mountain News, November
Mountain News, December
Mountain News, January
Mountain News, February
Mountain News, March
Mountain News, April
Mountain News, May
Mountain News, June
Mountain News, July
Mountain News, August
I am still missing most of you so send me your birthdays so I can get them
included. Sorry the ones I missed last month.
Twin, Christopher Jan
Fromhold-Mountain, Irene (dec.) Jan 10, 1956-Nov 24, 1994
Bone, Janice Jan 14, 1980
Mountain-Fromhold, Jennifer Jan 14, 1977
Fromhold, J. Jan 15, 1947
Bone, Clifford Jan 20, 1965
Mountain, Ruby Jan 22, 1964-Jan 18, 2016
Mountain, Jan 25,
Bone, Joyce Jan 31, 1962
If you want to get the monthly Mountain News send me your e-mail. Let other
family members know too.
Do Not Forget! This year I am offering to give a Graduation Gown to any of
the girls in the family who graduate (matriculation/University Admission) from
High School, from College (Certificate/Diploma) or University (Bachelor Degree).
The offer is open to families registered with the family society. So register.
I would like to propose that next year the family sponsor an Honoring
Ceremony and Giveaway in honor of all our family members who have died. I
pledge $1,000.00 towards such a ceremony.
JASPER NATIONAL PARK
Start thinking about attending the Jasper Aboriginal Days in June. Drum groups
(like the Mountain Drummers) are paid.
For a background on the Jasper Aboriginal Forum, Jasper Aboriginal Days,
Jasper Totem Pole Ceremony and Jasper Cultural Area see
Nations of Jasper
Nations of Jasper
Nations of Jasper National Camp
Back Issues: www.inewhistory.com/mtnblog.html
They are available from any bookstore, amazon.com or lulu.com. Lulu is cheapest.
Tell our email@example.com what you think this.
Sisip Pimotew O Koma (c1610-), Atspu (c1630-), Sisip Pimotew (c1650-),
Ki Tonahew Api (c1715-1808c), Kona Wapa (c1715-1774c), Anthony Henday
(c1735-), Ente Iskwew (c1735-), Ente Iskwew O Ka Sisa (1755-), Louis
Joseph Piche (c1776-1843), Magdalene Apitas Iskwew () Piche, Ki Tonahew
Wiyan () Hughes (-1819) Piche, Jacques Cardinal (c1777-1839), Piyesiwak
Chak Petit Couteau (-1848), Pesew Iskwew (Piche) Cardinal (c1800-),
Archange L'Hirondelle (c1807-1891), Alexis Bobtail Piche (c1810-1900),
Susanne (Cardinal) Kline (c1805-), Jean Baptiste Cardinal,
Mountain (-1851), Weasel Mountain (c1850-), Asini Wachi Pime (c1850-),
Isabelle Piche, Susanne (Dion) Mountain, Adam Mountain (c1850-),
Pikwanis Bugle (c1867-), Magdalene (Klyne) Schock (-1952), Joseph
Cardinal (1890-), Justine (Cardinal) Penner, Felix Cardinal, Isdadore
Desjarlais (1903-), Mike Mountain (1908-), Julia (Cardinal) Mountain,
Magloire Cardinal, Lawrence Mountain (1918-1988), Leo Mountain (c1911-
2005), Kathleen (Cardinal) Mountain, Elsie (Cardinal) Quintal, Willi
Fromhold (1923-1993), George Mountain (-1994), Sam Bone, Maryanne
Mountain (1944-1980), Stanley Ross Mountain (1938-1980), Noral Mountain,
Philippe Mountain (-1986), Elizabeth Mountain (-2005), Adam Mountain
(-2005), Ashley Mountain (-1993), Joan A. Mountain (1962-1995), Cory
Mountain (-2005c), Edna Mountain (1960-2005), Irene Mountain (1958-1994),
Jane Mountain, Lawrence Francis Mountain, Leo Mountain (-2004), Lester
Mountain Cardinal, Norman Malone Mountain, Brian Bone, Carrie Bone,
Ruby Mountain (1964-2016), Henry Bugle (-2016)
More Tribal Pages
Mountain Cree history publications
main Nations of Jasper page
Continue to other Tribal listings
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Continue to Western Cree History publications
# 1 ABORIGINAL INTERNET WEBSITE
Our website, www.inewhistory.com, is independently ranked as being in the 90th
percentile of Internet websites, meaning it is visited more than 90% of all
This makes it the # 1 Aboriginal website in Internet.
We have visitors from every country in the world.
We have numerous firms who believe that it is advantageous for them to advertise
on an aboriginal website, either to sell their product or to show the world that
they support the aboriginal community.
Who does not advertise on our website?
Canadian political parties - who claim to have so much interest and
concern for Aboriginals
Pipeline and Energy firms - who are trying desperately to sell their
projects and would like everyone to know how closely they relate to aboriginals
Government of Alberta and Government of Canada ('nough said).
Jasper National Park businesses, who really, really
do not want us in Jasper Park (other than to bring money and get out).
| COPYRIGHT 1994 HERITAGE CONSULTING |
5217 Prairie Ridge - TOM OJO - CANADA 1-403-885-2991
"It is disrespectfull to lay a pipeline in someone
else's back yard." (Trevor Noah, 2016)
"And it's bound to piss him off."
So Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Liberal Party Prime Minister of the Government
of Canada has approved the Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain Pipeline (TMX) and the
Enbridge Line 3 (EnL3) Expansion.
Nothing surprising there.
He will also likely approve the Trans Canada Energy East (TCEE) and the Enbridge
XL (XL) pipelines.
"In Canada today, just as it was one hundred years ago, there are
established commandments of nameless, faceless mandarins in the
federal government who dictate the fate of Indian people. From
positions of complete isolation far removed from reality these
high salaried, political appointees design government policies
which govern the lives of people they have never seen. They
relish the thought that they, and they alone, know what is food
for the Indian and have all the answers to the Indian's problems."
(Andrew Nicholas Jr., President Indian-Eskimo Association of
Canada, 1970). (1)
It is notable that these approvals fly in the face of the Law, as laid down by
the Supreme Court of Canada. Rather, they are a sop to Corporate Industry
demands for profits and Government's ever-growing addiction to more-and-more
To understand this, we must look at the history of pipeline development, but
first, in the interests of Full Disclosure, let me say that I am not against
pipeline development; rather, I favour them over any other means of transporting
petroleum products and other liquids. Pipelines are safer and than other means
of transport, and there are few - if any - Canadians who are prepared to give
up the lifestyle that (heating and travel, just two examples) that petroleum
extraction gives us. I own shares in a pipeline company and recommend that
First Nations become share owners.
However, I am against the philosopy of "let's strip this country down to the
bedrock and sell it as fast as we can" philosophy. I am against the way it is
being done, and the disregard for law in the interests of greater corporate
History has shown us that any country that indulges in megaprojects has ended
up bankrupt and has never recovered (Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, China,
Spain). The financial and human costs were ultimately ruinous.
Note that the Alberta - and Canada - economy is based on Commodity (Raw Resource)
Export. Pipelines are a major part of this economy. Resouce Export economies
are characterized by Corporate/Government demands for increased faster-and-
faster resource extraction and export (sound familiar?) regardless of value
returned Governments and Corporates don't care.
Governments become addicted to tax income and Corprotates become addicted to
greed. don't care - as long as they get their taxes.
Dependence on resource exportation normally goes hand in hand with the decline
(virtual destruction) of the manufacturing sector. Resouce Export Economy is
characterized by Boom-and-Bust cycles. History has shown that this normally
ends in a mayor Bust (an Economic Collapse) from which the country never
recoves. The economy comes to a halt and stagnates.
As for Pipeline vs. Native history:
Pipelines, Native History and The Law
First, let us understand that in Canada aboriginal peoples were not recognized
as having any legal rights whatsoever, and that in the eyes of the law, they
were not People. They had no protection or rights in Canadian Law. This was
changed in 1968 when then Prime Minister Diefenbaker, of the Conservative
Party, extended legal recognition to the aboriginal peoples.
For example, they had no recourse to the courts (it was in fact illegal for them
to hire lawyers). They were not protected from muder or assault. They were
not permitted to live in cities. They could not enter into any contractual
obligation. In 1965 I authorized the first bank loan to an aboriginal person
in Alberta (to Chief Harry Chonkolay - and was reprimanded for it).
Today CANADA IS THE ONLY COUNTRY in the world that is not a signatory to the United
Nations Agreement on the Rights of the Indiginous.
In fact, Canada has implemented all but one of what the United Nations calls
the Indicators of official Genocide. That last Indicator is the acceptance of
murder of the indiginous population without legal consequence. Given the sorry
state of the Missing Women investigations and police shootings of aboriginals
some people would question whether this last Indicator is not in fact in practice.
99% of aboriginal shooting fatalities are from being shot by Police, who face
For that matter, in Canada, Indians are still specifically excluded from Canadian
Human Rights Act protection.
In the early 1960's there was an oil/gas boom in northwestern Alberta. Along
with uncontrolled logging, petroleum exploration and development pushed thousands
of miles of cutlines, roads and pipeline right-of-ways into the lands of the
Dene Tha Nation. The net result was the destruction of the the Dene Tha hunting
and trapping lands, the destruction of their subsistence economy and the destruc-
tion of their lifestyle. The Dene Tha lost their independence and means of being
self-supporting and forced on welfare. The influx of foreigners (FERENGI Swine,
in the terms of the Pashtun people) was exteremely socially disruptive to the
Dene Tha. Dene Tha living in independent settlements were forced to abandon their
homes and move into authorized settlements under threat of being burned out (as
was my friend Joe Beaulieu and his family).
The Dene Tha saw no (ZERO) benefit from the destruction of their lands and from
the exploitation of the resources on these lands.
The Dene Tha have never recovered from this cultural genocide visited on their
I was there. I witnessed this. I have seen the same thing happen over and over
again over the last 55 years.
The same fate was visited on all other First Nations people who had the misfor-
tune of having a valued resource on their traditional lands that White Society
wanted: Lubicon, Athabasca Chipewyan, Mekesiw, McMurray, Fort McKay, Heart Lake,
Kiska Wapta, Asini Wachi and others who's lands were usurped and plundered. (It
is still going on full tilt.)
Pipelines first became a political issue in the 1960's with the proposal for a
Mackenzie Valley Pipeline from the Arctic. The first Nations along the route
vehemently objected on the grounds that such a pipeline would not benefit their
people, but rather, cause serious disruption to their people.
Legal challenges held up the approval process, and Chief Justice Hawthorne was
commissioned to carry out an investigation into the proposal. In the HAWTHORNE
REPORT Chief Justice Hawthorn noted that the proposed pipeline passed through
lands never surrendered by the First Nations, and that hence, these were First
Nations Lands, meaning that a pipeline could not be built through these lands
without First Nations approval.
The Hawthorne Report established the Principle In Law that pipeline development
in unsurrendered First Nations Lands must can not be done without the approval
of the affected First Nation(s).
This is Law, passed down by the Supreme Court of Canada, and can not be ignored
or altered. It still stands. It is currently being ignored by both the Government
of Canada and the Corporates.
In an associated action, DENE THA vs. ALBERTA ground rules were established as to
what constituted "Traditional Lands" and what obligations existed towards the
Dene Tha and other First Nations with 'Traditional Lands'.
Needless to say, the Government of Alberta and Corporates have consistently tried
as hard as they could to circumvent or minimize these obligations. The Government
of Canada, for it's part, claims that this is a "Provincial Issue", and has nothing
to do with with the Federal Government.
This is in flagrant violation of the ROYAL PROCLAMATION of 1763, which lays on THE
CROWN and the Government the "Fiduciary Obligation" that THE CROWN/Government
of Canada as the Obligation to insure that any and all laws and actions by the
Government and it's subordinate agencies affecting First Nations are conducted
so as to reflect the Honor of the Crown and in such a manner that are in the
Best Interests of these First Nations, as would a Parent act towards the best
interests of his children.
The Government, of course, tries to minimize it's obligations, and has frequently
had to be reminded of this obligation by legal action and the rulings of the
Since 1970 there have been numerous legal actions against the Government of Canada
and the Provincial Governments that have continually reinforced the Supreme Court
rulings on the rights of aboriginal peoples and First Nations.
As a rule of thumb the Conservative governments in Canada have - if somewhat
reluctantly and piecemeal - recognized and implemented these Supreme Court rulings;
the Liberal governments have attempted to ignore or circumvent these rulings.
(The Liberal Red Paper tried to do away with aboriginals and aboriginal rights altogether).
In 1998 the Supreme Court DELGAMUUKW vs. BRITISH COLUMBIA ruling set down the
definitive ruling about aboriginal rights. These were set down as Law. The
overnments have been trying to sidestep these Laws ever since.
DELGAMUUKW ruled that
Aboriginal lands were never surrendered and are still the
collective property of the First Nations, be they Treaty,
Non-Treaty, or any other legitimate representative of the
Nations who exist or existed in 1870.
The First Nations have never surrendered either their
property or the contents of these traditional lands. Hence
all these original contents and properties are still owned
by these representative First Nations.
The First Nations have never surrendered any of their
rights, and unless having entered into other agreements
with Canada, still retain these rights as Sovreign Nations
Canada still owes these First Nations payment for use of
these lands and properties and for ussurpation of aboriginal
All Canadians of aboriginal ancestry share these rights.
There can be no development that disturbes the ground without
the consent and agreement of the affected First Nations.
Development and use of aboriginal lands and resources must
be negotiated with the affected First Nations.
Aboriginal rights or assertion of aboriginal rights by any
First Nation, as recognized under these rulings, is to be
recognized as de facto existing in law.
These rulings by the Supreme Court of Canada can not be
ignored, done away with or modified by any agency or agent
except by byparty negotiation between the affected First
Nation and the Government of Canada or Challenge brought
forward to the Supreme Court of Canada.
An aboriginal right is deemed to exist in Law. The onus of
proof that a right DOES NOT exist falls on the complaintant.
Needless to say, these rulings are being flouted daily by all levels of governance
and by developers everywhere. For example, urban development destroys huge swaths
of land, without consultation with the affected First Nations.
The Province of Alberta has the policy that
1. Aboriginal Groups have no rights pertaining to interests in
cultural, historic or spiritual sites and burials.
2. Aboriginal Groups have no rights to object about potential
threat or destruction of sites of Aboriginal spiritual,
religious, historic of cultural importance (including
a. Aboriginal Groups have no rights pertaining to interests
in such sites.
b. Aboriginal Groups have no rights to object to the
destruction of such sites.
c. The Developer has the sole right to decide if Aboriginal
groups have any rights pertaining to concerns about
possible damage or destruction of such sites.
d. The Defendant has the sole right to determine what groups
have any rights pertaining to these matters.
e. The Developer has the sole right to determine what groups
have rights as Intervenors in development applications.
f. The Developer has the sole right to decide who has the
right to represent an Aboriginal group or Aboriginal
3. The Government of Alberta and it's agents (including Corporates)
have the sole right to decide if Aboriginal groups have any rights
pertaining to concerns about possible damageor destruction of such
4. The Government of Alberta and it's agents have the sole right
to determine what groups have any rights these matters.
5. The Government of Alberta and it's agents the sole right to decide
who has the right to represent an Aboriginal group or Aboriginal
6. The Government of Alberta and it's agents have the the sole right
to determine what constitutes sites of significant cultural,
historical and religious interest to the Aboriginal community.
7. In the event that the Developer and Government of Alberta shall
consider that Aboriginal concerns have any merit, the Government
is the sole authority to determine what constitutes a site of
Aboriginal spiritual, religious, historic or cultural importance
a. The Government of Alberta and it's agents have the sole
right to determine what, if any, protection should be
accorded to sites deemed to be of cultural, historical
or religious importance or to historic/aboriginal graves.
b. The Government of Alberta and it's agents have the right
to over-ride any concerns that aboriginals or aboriginal
groups may have concerning damage to sites deemed to be
of cultural, historical or religious importance.
8. Sites of Aboriginal spiritual, religious, historic or cultural
importance (including graves) are inconsequential to developmet,
even if development destroys or threatens to destroy them.
9. Even if sites of Aboriginal spiritual, religious, historic or
cultural importance (including graves) are deemed to exist in
a site considered for development, the Developer is the sole
authority to determine what consitutes a threat to or destruction
of such a site.
10. Even if it is deemed that such a site is to be threatened or
destroyed by development, Developer is the sole authority to
decide whether the destruction will be of significant impact
to the Aboriginal community.
11. Even if an Aboriginal party is deemed to constitute an impacted
party, the Developer retains exclusive right to determine if
the Aboriginal party that is submiting a brief is an Aboriginal
12. if the Developer considers that the Aboriginal party may actually
be an Aboriginal party, the defendant retains the sole right to
determine who is a legitimate representative of that Aboriginal
13. if the Developer considers that the Aboriginal party may
actually be an Aborignal party, and the representative may
actually be a representative, the Developer retains the sole
right to determine whether said Aboriginal party has any
actual right to Intervenor status.
14. Since the existence of Aboriginal spiritual, religious, historic
or cultural importance (including graves) are not cause for
denial of Develoment Applications, Aboriginal parties can not
be considered to have Intervenor status on those grounds.
15. The Developer has the sole right to determine what, if any,
protection should be accorded to sites deemed to be of cultural,
historical or religious importance or to historic/aboriginal
It is endorsed by the Alberta Human Rights Board.
Now tell me that is not a Colonialist policy and a Human Rights Criminal case.
China - a country normally vilified by Canada as a Human Rights pariah - has
a much more enlightened relationship with it's minority indiginous people.
China has numerous ethnic Autonomous Regions (i.e., Tribal Territories), from
towns (849), cities (20) counties (81) on up to states (Mongolia, Tibet,
Xinjiang, est. 1955), that are internally self-governing.
In Iraq the Autonomous Kurdish province receives 17% of the oil and resources
revenue plus a share of the national budget.
Perhaps Canada has something to learn here. (China also has a better petroleum
So here we are, with Trudeau totally disregarding the legal rulings of the
Supreme Court of Canada to do away with 40 years of legal rulings - to again
deprive the aboriginal peoples of their rights.
In fact, wilful disregard of the highest courts and laws of the country can
be seen as being Treason.
Actually, it is a classical Colonial move: "Do whatever it takes to retain
political/economic control". Disregard of Law is a classic symptom of megaprojects
Let us understand that this is purely about money (the President of one of
these companies makes over $64,000,000 a year; the Vice-Presidents over
The pipelines are being approved on the basis of the "Greater Good" of the people.
What Is Greater Good ?
"Control oil and you control Nations."
Henry Kissinger, U.S. National Security
Greater Good actually means the maximum financial returns to the establishment
The NEB sort of defines the term Public Interest (i.e., Greater Good) as on
page 6 of the NEB Report on NOVA Gas Transmission Ltd GH-002-2015 as
"...the public interest is inclusive of all Canadians and refers
to a balance of economic, environmental, and social interests
that changes as society's values and preferences evolve over
time. The board estimates the overall public good a project
may create and its potential negative aspects, weighs various
impacts, and makes a recommendation and/or decision." (our
In other words, it is a subjective process with no rigid framework or measurable
system. Such subjectivity hardly has any place in decision-making of this sort.
A payoff benefit model can easily be applied to the net value of such projects,
as any economist can tell you. Economists, however, deal only in cost-benefit
factors, whereas Greater Good also deals in social/lifestyle/ecological and other
non-capital issues, the greater SOCIAL good. Nontheless, social statisticians
can also provide such a Payoff model. The basic formula is simply
G = C+S+L+E
Not nearly as complicated as the formula for inducing social change.
By the NEB definition, Greater Good means the good of the majority. Interests
of the minority are not considered or not valued equally with the interests
of the majority.
Therefore it follows that concerns of Aboriginals, Homeless, Disabled, Hutterite,
Fishermen, Surfers, subsistence hunters, trappers, Dukhabors, landowners and
other minority groups who do not share the mainstream value will have little
or no impact on the decision.
A comparison of the Corporate, American, Canadian and Aboriginal Values Map
COMPARATIVE VALUE MAP
The values of these groups differ considerably and can be considered as basically
incompatible. Amercian values tend towards being Authoritarian and Nihilistic.
Canadian values tend towards being very Idealistic, Individualistic and
Rejecting Authority. Corporate Values are purely Financial and Authority.
(as determined ENVIRONICS Measurement System, the polling firm)
Chief among the Native values is The Land.
"Without their land, the People would cease to live and be. Their
land is more than a place to live and raise a family; it is an
intimate part of their way of live....
"The land is their past, present, and future."
"To deprive the People of their land is to destroy them." (Pratson
Pipeline approval will prohibit the aboriginal peoples from Use and Enjoyment
and hunting and gathering from the pipeline Right of Way. We have already
lost the right to use 90% of or own lands.
"...laws have been used...to deny the People full accessibility to
those lands where hunting and fishing are vital to their way of
life..." (Pratson 1970:23)
In a society that places accumulation of money, wealth and capital as the
ultimate achievement and good, the concept of Greater Good reflects that
The decision is pre-ordained.
As a matter of dogma it is assumed by the NEB/Corporates that the "need" and
development are not only in the "Greater Good", but "inevitable and irreversible"
(Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1981).
Critical thinking or other opionions "sacraficed on the altars of accelerated
economic development" (Octavio Paz, The Labyrinth of Solitude, 1985).
The term "Greater Good" is a recent construct (as opposed to the Social Good),
post 1970, and was instituted by economists to describe maximizing profits.
The principle is that
"What is Good for the Business is Good For The Country".
This is the basic Trilateral Commission ( www.inewhistory.com/rklein.html)
policy supported by the leading political leaders.
To be sure, Economic Ideology/Religon (known as Economic Rationalism/Determinism)
states that there is only one Good as far as Industrial and Corporate economics
are concerned - maximization of profit. This is the ONLY consideration of the
Ethics and Morals be damned.
In fact, it is Illegal for a Corporate to use it's money or resources for any
other purpose than to increase profits (Supreme Court, DODGE vs. FORD 1916).
"To attempt to apply economic determinism to all human societies
is a little short of fantastic." (August Strindberg, Commentary 3,
no. 2, 1947)
Corporate Economics and culture is far removed from the economic principles
promoted by Adam Smith and John Maynard Keynes.
Corporate Cost-Benefit analysis will ALWAYS rule in favor of taking shortcuts
or ignoring laws, rights and ethics if it is cheaper to pay the price and fines
than the resulting profits (Greed, Inc., 2005; Wade Rowland, Ph.D.; The
Collapse of Globalism, John Ralston Saul, 2005). In fact, corporates, by law,
are exempt from having to have liability insurance for anything that goes
wrong with the line (2). Rarely are corporates caught having to pay the full
costs of their failures - the costs are passed on to the public.
In other words, if it is cheaper to ignore the environment and pay the
(possible) fine or costs than to implement costly environmental protection
practices, it will be done.
If it is cheaper to ignore safety regulations and pay the (possible) fine
and cost than to implement safety equipment, it will be done.
All the while they will pay lip service and engage P.R. persons (eg. Native
Liaison Specialists) to mouth platitudes and tell us how serious they are
about these matters.
Projects justified on the basis of Greater Good have ALWAYS been
detrimental to the First Nations economically and destructive of
First Nations Rights.
As we have already seen with these pipelines, they have no concern about the
protection of aboriginal cultural, spiritual and historic sites or burials.
Independent documented and published assessment (3) of their Heritage Resource
Studies have found them woefully inadequate, failing to report 80% of the
sites, including significant Medicine Wheel, Pictograph and other sites.
As for The Land - or a Lake, as an example - it has not esthetic, ethical,
moral or spiritual value. Corporate economics only look at issues in terms
of dollars and cents. If it can not make a profit for the corporate it has
Corporates WILL NOT institute processes that impringe on profits out of the
goodness of their heart or ethica/moral considerations. Not unless they are
forced to bo so by law - and they will spend billions on court challenges of
those laws if there is the potential for a positive economic outcome.
Nor has there been a willingness on the part of the Corporates to Mutual
Reasonable Compromise. They demand surrender to their operating policies,
Clearly, in Canada, it is cheaper to ignore aboriginal rights than to pay
for use of the lands and resources. Especially if the Government is going to
support you with a Colonial enforcement policy.
There is no doubt that Canadian governments and laws are still Colonial and
are institutionalized colonialism. Even though the Supreme Court of Canada
continually enunciates the rights of the indiginous, these are continually
challenged or ignored by the governing establishment. Where necessary, they
implement a new program or process to "address" these iniquities, and then
create a new process that makes it largely impossible to negotiate the new
rules without further court challenges.
Econmic Determinism - Corporate/Industrial Economics, is also known as Trickle
-Down Economics. That is, all monies should go to the establishment elite, who
will, out of benign self-interest, spend money that will "trickle down" to the
Corporate Economics has clear winners and losers. The Corporate/Government
elite are to be the winners, the disadvantaged, marginalized and minorities
the losers. In the 1970 New Zealand was an economic miracle with less than
4% poverty. Then it implemented Corporate Economics. Within 15 years 20% of
the population had sunk into poverty.
It is a tenet of faith in Corporate/Industrial Economics that Corporates and
the wealthy should not be taxed, taxes are to be paid by the workers. And this,
in fact is the case. In Canada the lowest earners are subject to a 35% tax rate
(closer to 45% when you counti in hidden taxes such as GST, gasoline tax, user
taxes, etc., not counting "stealth" taxes). On the other hand, Corporates are
taxed at a rate of 17% and, in fact, usually manage to pay much less. Exxon
has not paid taxes in 20 years. Bombardier gets subsidies on the average of
$1.5 Billion per year (more than it pays in taxes). The tobacco giant Philip-
Morris was forgiven $2 BILLION in unpaid taxes. In Alberta the petroleum
industry pays $1 royalty per barrel of oil - and receives $1.50 per barrel in
subsidies. In fact, the top 20 corporates pay an average of 3.5% in taxes.
And that is not counting Stealth Taxes. For example, in Alberta government
income from gambling is greater than income from the petroleum industry.
This concentration of wealth in the corporate accounts starves governments
of monies for delivery of public services - highways, medical services, parks,
utilities, and so on. To compensate, these must become self-supporting or are
privatized - usually to be bought up by corporates with the intent of making
Corporate profitabily has skyrocketed in the past 30 years. The Standard of
Living of the average family has not changed. Furthermore, employment certainly
decreases dramatically under Corporate economics.
In "primitive" economics there is no great difference between the relatively
wealthy and the poor. There were no homeless and none living in $200,000,000
houses. Everyone was relatively equal. The most prominent Cree chief, Big Bear,
was also in fact one of the poorest, sharing out his own assets to those he
saw as more needy; in fact, he owned little beyond his lodge and clothes.
Communal poverty was virtually unknown before the coming of the white man's
In Canada today every man, woman and child owes $30,000 in National and
Personal debt (not counting mortgages), and this is being drive up at an
alarming rate by the governments (the U.S.A., the epitome of a Corporate
culture, is $2 TRILLION in debt). This money is owed to the Corporates. It
is payable by the taxpayer - you and me. The Corporates will demand payment.
Historically this has led to Work-For-Welfare, Guest/Foreign/Migrant Workers,
indentured servitude, work camps, slavery, and "Residential School"
The wealth accumulated by corporates generally do not go into increasing the
Public Good, but into further Wealth Accumulation - such as buying up other
businesses and "restructuring" (think "restructuring" from petroleum engergy
industry to "green" energy industry). This normally increases Public Debt with
out actually contributing to the economy - usually actually damaging employment
stability (eg. part-time rather than full-time employment).
With the National Energy Board hearings found to be a failure and the follow-
up Crown Inquiry a whitewash, the government has now simply chosen to bypass
the law and aboriginal rights.
"The price of oil and the quality of freedom invariably travel in
opposite directions. As the price of crude oil climbs higher in
an oil-dominated country...that country's citizens will, over
time, experience less free speech, declining freedom of the
press, and a steady erosion of the rule of law." (Foreign Policy
This is known as the First Law of Petropolitics in the study of Economics.
There is an increasing tendency towards destruction of democratic rule and
increase in autocratic and dictatorial rule. It is also linked with the
increase in corruption.
We already see this in the Government of Canada action. The Government has now revert to an
openly Colonial and dictatorial process, pushing back aboriginal advances to the pre 1960
This is not Greater Good.
It is not Public Good. It does not serve the Social Good of thePublic.
It is certainly not for the Aboriginal Good.
It is Neo-Colonialism/Imperialism.
However, this is no longer 1960.
It would be fair to say that the Pipeline (and tarsands) issue is a hot button
issue for the aboriginal community. The treatment of the First Nations by the
pipeline companies is seen as being nothing less than hostile and a flagrant
disregard of the Law.
Genocide is "the inevitable byproduct of progress" (Lindqvist, Exterminate all
the Brutes: One Man's Odyssey Into the Heart of Darkness and the Origins of
European Genocide, 1996). Genocide is associated with Economic Determinism.
The fact that this is supported by a Colonialist government in flagrant violation
of the Law now raises this to a new level.
There is no doubt that the aboriginal community is restless and dissatisfied.
It would not take much to gel into a rebellious movement.
"You ram something down [their] throat and [they're] bound to
throw up." (Marshall McLuhan)
In fact, actions of the Corporates and the Government might be seen as a
Declaration of War on aboriginal rights, aboriginal values and aboriginal
Even our Elders - the most conservative element of aboriginal society - are
saying that a moderate policy has proven to be a failure, and perhaps it is
time for a more assertive policy and direct action.
Instead of wasting millions of dollars in pursuing useless hearings and
processes, perhaps this money could be better spent in other ways that have
Direct Action would include Protests. The government has already threatened
that it will invoke the full force of the law against protestors. Which Law
would that be? The Law as already laid down by the Supreme Court? Or the ones
that that the Liberals have a habit of invoking for political ends - the one
ruled by the courts to have been illegal and violent arrest and detention?
Third world or what?
Minister Carr has actually stated that the Government would send out the Army
to insure that pipeline construction was not upset. How more Colonialist can
But don't expect much indignation and action by the First Nations. Unlike in
the 60's when there was the American Indian Movement (A.I.M.), there is no
central or co-ordinated agent that can effectively speak up for aboriginal
concerns (No Native takes the Assembly of First Nations serious). Nor are we
noted for co-operating and co-ordinating with one another. (The exception
seems to be the Missing Women's movement.)
In other words, there would be no organized response to the Neo-Colonialism,
other than to bring out a few more people to protests.
However, this does not preclude independent action. We have already seen that
individuals have taken the opportunity on occasion to fire on police vehicles;
it would not be a far stretch to find individuals taking individual action
against the pipeline facilities and construction.
Not inconceivably this could gel into a larger and more organized movement.
Typically what would happen if there was a general outbreak of resistance,
the Government would mobilize the armed forces and ruthlessly crush the
aboriginal community (back to the 1800's). And then enact the legislation
that they failed to enforce in the first place and spend trainloads of money
(mostly going to non-natives) to set it right.
Historically, the Government of Canada spent more money in putting down native
uprisings than it would have spent to have corrected the conditions in the
first place. In both the 1870 and 1885 resistances the government spent
enough money that they could have hired the aboriginal population as Govern-
ment Employees for the next few decades - and actually accomplished something
It is also a historic fact that
NO COLONISED PEOPLES HAVE EVER BEEN GIVEN BACK
THEIR LANDS, RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS VOLUNTARILY
History has shown that the only way to obtain decolonization and to get back
lands and rights is though armed uprising (4). In the Social Sciences this is
known as the CONFLICT THEORY.
Unfortunately, armed uprising, even successful ones, have serious and unfortunate
side-effects. But, like a Vietnamese aquaintance pointed out, perhaps there
are no other alternatives left.
In the U.S.A., after all, it was the Nations who mounted the strongest resistance
(and were conquered) who ended up with the best deals in the end. Those who
did not (like in Canada) got screwed).
Perhaps a better - and more productive - option would be to take over the
political establishment. After all, 1/3 of Canadians have aboriginal ancestry.
These are the only true Canadians.
By 2050 half of all Canadians will have aboriginal ancestry.
Unfortunately, it is unlikely that the political Establishment would permit
Corporates, on the other hand, are noted for not caring who runs the country
- as long as they can make a profit. They have a history of dealing with and
financing dictators (Sudan, Panama, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Lybia, etc.),
human rights criminals (Sudan, Lybia, Angola, Uganda, Somalia, etc.), and
criminal and terrorist organizations (Argentina, Afghanisan, Syria, Mexico,
Columbia, etc.). Not Nice Guys. As Mr. Wonderful says, "Money only cares
about Money". When it comes right down to it, they will cheerfully pay off
hostiles if it promises to keep them making money.
Perhaps it is time to take up an Autonomous Tribal Territory, as exist in
Or maybe we sould claim to be refugees, and get a better deal. After all,
we seem to be refugees in our own land.
"Most levels of government have seen the pathetic conditions, the
misery and the Indian's desire to play a meaningful role toward
rectifying these situations, but they hae not listened...."
(Andrew Nicholas Jr., President Indian-Eskimo Association of
"Non-Indian society makes almost no attempt to learn and understand
anything of [our] language or ways."
"They make me feel like the foreigner who has just come over here
on the boat...to a land that has belonged to us for thousands of
years..." (Pratson 1970:60)
Nothing has changed in the intervening 50 years. Except, of course, that foreign
refugees get better treatment than we do.
"slogans are a necessary response to an age which demands catchy
REMEMBER WOUNDED KNEE
CUSTER DIED FOR YOUR SINS
"Economics boils down to being happy with your choices.
Resources are scarce. Even choices can be limited.
Yet happiness is the final product most people value."
(Economics in Action: Scarcity of Resources; 2009)
(1) In point of fact, the Indians have been around managing their existence
for 30,000 years without an "Indian Problem". There was no Indian
Problem until the arrival of the White Man. It is a Whiteman Problem,
not an Indian Problem.
(2) Known as "avoidance of liability" is a profit/loss equation assessment
that uses a principle of "acceptable risk" as an economic definition,
meaning that "any risk is acceptable if it is profitable".
(3) Independent assessment of failed HRA reports
A PREVIOUSLY UNREPORTED ARTIFACT TYPE; Typologically Similar Artifacts
From Brooks and Edmonton; KINDER MORGAN TRANS MOUNTAIN PIPELINE,
Archaeological Survey Assessment, Winterburn - Wabamun, Alberta; 2013
ABORIGINAL CULTURAL SITES OVERVIEW, CITY OF RED DEER, SEC. 34 TWP.
38, RG. 27, W 4; 2011
ARCHAEOLOGY/TRADITIONAL LAND USE, Historic Resources Overview, Preliminary
Assessment for COAL BRANCH/COAL VALLEY PROJECT; 2013; 79 pg.
ASSESSMENT OF SITE # 13-05-29-01: INTERPRETATION OF A HEIGHT-OF-LAND
SITE; KINDER MORGAN TRANS MOUNTAIN PIPELINE, Archaeological Survey
Assessment, Winterburn - Wabamun, Alberta; 2013
ASSESSMENT OF THE HISTORICAL RESOUCES IMPACT MONITORING AND
MITIGATION CITY OF EDMONTON'S SOUTH LRT EXTENSION BURIAL PROJECT
ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH PERMIT 2008-16 FINAL REPORT by Golder
Associates Ltd. July 2009 (aka. 111 St. Burial); 2009
ATCO EASTERN ALBERTA TRANSMISSION LINE Heritage Resources Inventory
Assessment Report 11-049: Deficiencies; 2013
ATCO ELECTRIC INTERCONNECTION POWER LINE PROPOSAL JASPER NATIONAL
PARK INTERIM HRA/TLU STUDY; 2016
GULL LAKE HISTORY, An Overview; 2010
'HARDISTY POUND' ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES; Preliminary Assessment of summary
statement 'Archaeologcial Sites FdOt-1, FdOt-9 and FdOt-10 at Hardisty
KINDER MORGAN TRANS MOUNTAIN PIPELINE, Archaeological Survey
Assessment, Winterburn - Wabamun, Alberta; 2013
Available through Amazon.com and Lulu.com
THE MEDICINE HILLS, ALBERTA Preliminary Assessment; J. Fromhold, M.A.; 2008
(4) The exception being India, where the indiginous population hugely outnumberd the colonials
and possed an immense potential threat.
APPROACHES TO NORTHERN DEVELOPMENT: Theory, Bureaucracy and Political
Expediency; J. Fromhold; 2000; Ph.D. Thesis
CITIZEN PLUS; Hurtig Publishers, Edmonton; Cardinal, Harold; 1970
DEAD AID; Dambisa Moro; 2009
DELGAMUUKW vs. BRITISH COLUMBIA; Supreme Court of Canada
FUTURE SHOCK; Bantam; Alvin Toffler; 1971
GREED, INC.; Thomas Allen Publishers ; Wade Rowland, Ph.D.; 2005
HAWTHORNE REPORT, Mackenzie Valley Pipeline, Vol. 1 and 2; Department
of Indian affairs, Ottawa; Hawthorne, H.B. et al.; 1968
INTRAPRENEURING; Viking Press; Jerry White; 1988
LAND OF THE FOUR DIRECTIONS; Chatham Press; Ferderick J. Pratson; 1970
National Energy Board Hearings submissions
PERSPECTIVES ON GLOBALIZATION; Oxford University Press; Pamela
Perry-Globa, Peter Weeks, David Yoshida, Victor Zelinski'; 2007
POWER SHIFT; Bantam; Alvin Toffler; 1990
TAR SANDS; Greystone Press; Andrew Nikiforuk; 2010
TAX ME, I'M CANADIAN; Thomas & Black; Mark Milke; 2013
THE COLLAPSE OF GLOBALISM; Viking Press; John Ralston Saul; 2005
THE UNJUST SOCIETY: the Tragedy of Canada's Indians; Hurtig Publishers, Edmonton
Harold Cardinal; 1969
WINNER TAKE ALL: China's Race for Resources; Dambisa Moro; 2011
Other Sites to Visit
Alberta Human Rights rulings
Failed National Energy Board Failure
500 Years of Resistance
Mountain Cree News
What Is a Warrior?
The Greater Good Scam
Corporate Poverty Creation
Corporate Crucifixion Economics Scam