Newsheet of the Mountain Clan
718 * Blackfalds, Alberta * CANADA TOM OJO * 1-403-885-2991 www.inewhistory.com c/o heritagedatabank@gmail.com
Member: Heritage Canada Mountain Parks Aboriginal Advisory Forum Nations of Jasper Camp Administrator/Host Nation, 2011-2014 Nations of Jasper Assembly ALBERTA HISTORIC SITES INTERACTIVE SITE
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Volume 3:08 August 2016 _______________________________________________________________________

Tanisi. Hello again. Welcome the Mountain News. www.inewhistory.com/mtnblog.html

Back copies of Mountain News


The Gang That Couldn't Walk Straight. Rachel in Blunderland! What a bunch of morons.Suing themselves and the Electric companies for the $2 Billion dollars that it is going to cost the taxpayer because NDP policies are raising the cost of Electricity. The good news is that the deficit is right on track, at 14-15 BILLION dollars, and the spending increases are right on track. SPEND! SPEND! SPEND! There is more where that came from - the Taxpayer. It took Harper 10 years to get $8 Billion in debt. It took the NDP 2 years to add another $6 Billion. The only thing the NDP know is how to squander other people's money. Belly Up To The Trough Girls, it's our turn. What? Me Worry? Now they want to tax you to pay for their next election campaign. Rachel is doing her best to emulate the Great Ontario Green Experiment which has bankrupt that province. If only the dumb voters would understand NDP they would love them. The NDP were always the Party of The People, the neglected, the underdog. The only thing this bunch has done for the people "steal" their money and raised the costs of everything. Welcome to the NDP world. The real world does not exist in their view of the universe. Dead In The Water. Barring a miracle (which the NDP naturally believes in) these guys are doomed to oblivion after the next election. Not even Olivia Chow could save them.


More morons. 'Nough Said.


We have heard much good talk in the past. All sounds good. Seems there is now some serious re-organizing going on in Ottawa, and it is sounding good. There is the Missing Women Inquiry, which will add another report to the 30 that have already been done without results. There is now also a serious inquiry into the National Energy Board pipeline hearings and the apparent problems there (see more below).


Yup, sure are. Idle Again? Protests and activism are too much bother, arn't they?


Yea, and in Canada the Aboriginals are Canada's Niggers. Every aboriginal killed by a firearm in the past ten years was shot by a policeman.


A consortium including the Mountain Cree have begun the planning process to develop a $10 MILLION dollar development of the Cultural Heritage Temple Mounds site in central Alberta. This would preserve and protect the site, develop the site, and make it available to the public to visit and use the site. The site is 1,000 years old, an old First Nations ceremonial and farming village. It has/had burial mounds, temples and temple mounds, a village with main street, ponds and farmsteads. We are currently undertaking fundraising activity and have some conditional promises for some $3 MILLION. The government of Alberta, of course, has no interest. Moving ahead with the purchasing. We are also looking at purchasing a 7,000 sq. foot Business Center for offices, stores, cafe, and accomodation. Will have some jobs available. Caretaker, Housekeeping, Cafeteria. See also Publication pictures


Yup, Dead In The Water. Supreme court ruled that Northern Gateway - previously approved by the government - can not go on, that the approval was not legal. According to the Supreme Court Northern Gateway did not properly meet it's obligations to consult with and engage with the Aboriginal parties affected, and the Government of Canada did not insure that there was proper consultation and engage- ment, as it was legally required to do (see Delgamuukw vs. Canada). Trans Canada/NOVA has gone so far as to tell First Nations groups to get lost. This, of course, means that the same holds true for Enbridge Line 3, Nova 2017 Expansion, Nova Wolverine, Trans Mountain, Trans Canada Energy East and Trans Canada XL. They can not move ahead until such consultation and engagement is done. Had a nice meeting with representives from Natural Resources Canada, National Energy Board and various government offices affected involved in finding out how and why these hearings failed and what should be done to correct the issue. Some very nice people; seem to be quite sincere. Along with me at the meeting was Gordon Mountain, Odin Fromhold, Will Willier and Norine Saddleback as our support team. Feedback says we did good. See also Delgamuukw vs. Canada) Pipelines Pipeline Hearings Mountain News, November Mountain News, December Mountain News, January Mountain News, February Mountain News, May Mountain News, June Mountain News, July


The aboriginal community has for years had qualified archaeologists and historians. They have never been employed by or contracted by the pipeline firms - who by law must give priority employment qualified First Nations persons and firms. AFNAH now has a membership of 41 qualified professionals which, by law, should be hired or contracted by the pipeline firms.


Still ticked off over the feast mismanagement. Have not heard anything about what they plan to do now. I will be doing a field (TLU/TEK) project for ATCO in the Jasper area in late September for 4 days. I have room to hire 2 more people on the project. Same terms as last one. If you are interested let me know.

INDIAN STATUS (reprint from last month)

Several years ago the Government of Canada recognized the ASINI WACHI NIHIYAWAK (Mountain Cree) BOBTAIL TRADITIONAL BAND as a legitimate and legal Non-Treaty Band. The AWNTB operates under Traditional Law, and membership is according to Traditional Law. As such, AWNTB has broad membership rules and can accept members that have been excluded by other bands. In theory, it would now even be possible for transfers between existing Treaty bands and the AWNTB.
AWNTB is currently attempting to track the descendants of the Bobtail Band who did not enter Treaty or who withdrew from Treaty, as these would be elegibel for membership.


Nothing new. For more information go to Rossdale


Canada is the largest supplier of Oil to the United States. Even if Canada builds more pipelines there are limits. By treaty the US can demand that Canada delivers 1/3 of it's oil to the U.S. (at below world price).


The following Jobs may still be available to Mountain members Fundraiser Kider-Morgan Trans-Canada Pipeline, Edmonton District: Engineer Social Media Blog Editor


Blackfalds 1977 Olds; G+; $7,500.00 1967 Cougar (early production; rare serial 900), matching #'s; VG; $14,000.00 1967 Cougar (early production/week 2; rare), matching #'s; VG; $8,000.00


Among the Cree the person we know today as Chief was known as an OKIMAW. With the advent of reservations, a reservation (Government) chief became known as an OKIMAKAN. Both terms come from the High Cree O KICHI-MAW, "Important/Big person". The difference is that OKIMAW meant "Influential/Important Person", sometimes translated as 'Chief', 'leader', or 'boss'. OKIMAKAN means 'Immitation Chief" or Pretend/Not Real Chief'. Right from day one of the Reservation Chiefs, when chiefs became elected, they were known as OKIMAKAN, rather than OKIMAW. This was because the old people realized right away that these OKIMAKAN were no longer the same as the OKIMAW. They were bureaucrats, politicians and government agents. They were owned by the government, not by the people. Their first duty was to administration and the government, no longer to the people. Chiefs are elected, but it was not always so. Long ago someone was asked how an OKIMAW had come to be a Chief, and who had made him one. The answer was "Nobody made him chief, he just got to be that way." Chiefs were not elected. They became chiefs because people chose to listen to them and to follow their leadership because of the Chief was a good hunter, looked after the welfare of his people, and a wise man. Chiefs were noted for their interest and care of the people who trusted them and relied on them. Chiefs were known to help those of their followers who needed help. They took a personal interest in each and everyone in the band. Those Chiefs who did not soon lost their followers. In times of hardship, Chiefs were known to give away all they had in order to help others. In 1885 Big Bear gave away all he had to the captives of the Cree, so that they would have shelter and blankets while he and his family, in the end, had nothing. In good times, all that a Chief had given out would be returned or replaced. Often he was given extra gifts in appreciation of his generosity and leadership. Everyone also knew that in hard times he could be counted on to use his wealth for the benefit of all. At the core of the system was the Patriarchy. Father was automatically the head of the family. If he headed a large family, say over 50 persons, he was automatically a 'chief'. The Chief was litterally the Father of his people. If such a family head was found to be wise, a good hunter, and the protector of the interests of his people, he attracted more followers. The more followers he attracted, the higher was his recognition as a chief, a KICHI OKIMAW ("Big Chief") and KICHI KICHI OKIMAW, "Head Chief". Cree bands were usually made up of sub-bands, essentially nuclear family groups, normally numbering 2-3 lodges (20-30 persons). Among the Cree being a Chief was not the same as being a Boss. Rather, he had little or no authority other than his credibility, his record and his powers of persuasion. Chieftainships were often inherited within a family, normally going to the eldest son or, commonly, to a Son-in-Law. Even though a Chieftainship might have been inherited, there was no guarantee that he could hold his position. Normally among the Cree when the Chief died the band dispersed, either to go join other relations in other bands, or to new bands under one or more of the sons or son-in-laws. Because of such dispersion, at Treaty 6 some bands numbered as few as 36 persons. If one of the successor bands proved to be under capable leadership the chief would likely attract back some of these members to re-constitute a successor band. If a Chief could no longer look after the interests of his people, or a part of his people, the people abandoned the chief. Usually this happened when the Band became too big and too diverse. Usually a group would split away under a new OKIMAW of their choosing. In that way they would continue to have a Chief who cared about their interests, without having to fight for it, and still continue to be on friendly terms with their relations. Often they would continue to regard the old chief as Head Chief of several bands, but no longer the Chief who represented them on a daily basis. On occasion some chiefs simply were not interested in leadership, such as in the case of Chipewyan. As his followers moved out to other bands his band ceased to exist. Nontheless, he was still recognized as a "Chief", though his influence in the community was now neglegible. The position of OKIMAW was, in essence, a lifetime titular position. Rarely did Cree bands exceed 180 persons before it split into new bands. The Mountain Cree themselves split into several bands after the death of PESEW, but all came to recognized Bobtail, PESEW's son, as Head Chief of the Mountain Cree bands. At it's peak, the Mountain Cree consisted of 17 bands (including 5 Stoney and 1 Iroquois) who had close kinship ties. In addition, another 7 bands recognized Bobtail as Head Chief. Today some persons claim that they should be recognized as a Chief, because they are the descendant of a chief. However, Chieftainship was not directly hereditary. While an active chieftainship might be inherited by the eldest son, it was not automatic and did not automatical- ly mean that the position or title passed to the next generation. The position always had to be earned. Chieftainships died out in some lineages, while new chieftainships came into being under capable leaders. (Continued next month) See also Bobtail Band Maski Piton's Band publication Louis Joseph Piche publication Jacques Cardinal publication Mountain News, November Mountain News, December Mountain News, January Mountain News, February Mountain News, March Mountain News, April Mountain News, May Mountain News, June Mountain News, July


I am still missing most of you so send me your birthdays so I can get them included. Sorry the ones I missed last month. Twin, Jackie Sep 01 Sargeant, Melissa Sep 06 Bone, Donna Sep 13, 1969 Champagne, Marvin Sep 26, 1960


If you want to get the monthly Mountain News send me your e-mail. Let other family members know too.


Do Not Forget! This year I am offering to give a Graduation Gown to any of the girls in the family who graduate (matriculation/University Admission) from High School, from College (Certificate/Diploma) or University (Bachelor Degree). The offer is open to families registered with the family society. So register.


I would like to propose that next year the family sponsor an Honoring Ceremony and Giveaway in honor of all our family members who have died. I pledge $1,000.00 towards such a ceremony.


The offer from Jasper National Park for preferential treatment (waived fees) for members of the family is still open. To enter into an agreement with Jasper I need the participation of two family elders to sign the agreement. Back Issues: www.inewhistory.com/mtnblog.html


They are available from any bookstore, amazon.com or lulu.com. Lulu is cheapest. Tell our premier@gov.ab.ca what you think this. _______________________________________________________________________________

In Memoria

Sisip Pimotew O Koma (c1610-), Atspu (c1630-), Sisip Pimotew (c1650-), Ki Tonahew Api (c1715-1808c), Kona Wapa (c1715-1774c), Anthony Henday (c1735-), Ente Iskwew (c1735-), Ente Iskwew O Ka Sisa (1755-), Louis Joseph Piche (c1776-1843), Magdalene Apitas Iskwew () Piche, Ki Tonahew Wiyan () Hughes (-1819) Piche, Jacques Cardinal (c1777-1839), Piyesiwak Chak Petit Couteau (-1848), Pesew Iskwew (Piche) Cardinal (c1800-), Alexis Bobtail Piche (c1810-1900), Susanne (Cardinal) Kline (c1805-), Jean Baptiste Cardinal, Weasel Mountain (c1850-), Asini Wachi Pime, Isabelle Piche, Susanne (Dion) Mountain, Adam Mountain (c1850-), Pikwanis Bugle (c1867-), Magdalene (Klyne) Schock (-1952), Joseph Cardinal (1890-), Justine (Cardinal) Penner, Felix Cardinal, Isdadore Desjarlais (1903-), Mike Mountain (1908-), Julia (Cardinal) Mountain, Magloire Cardinal, Lawrence Mountain (1918-1988), Leo Mountain (c1911- 2005), Kathleen (Cardinal) Mountain, Elsie (Cardinal) Quintal, Willi Fromhold (1923-1993), George Mountain (-1994), Sam Bone, Maryanne Mountain (1944-1980), Stanley Ross Mountain (1938-1980), Noral Mountain, Philippe Mountain (-1986), Elizabeth Mountain (-2005), Adam Mountain (-2005), Ashley Mountain (-1993), Joan A. Mountain (1962-1995), Cory Mountain (-2005c), Edna Mountain (1960-2005), Irene Mountain (1958-1994), Jane Mountain, Lawrence Francis Mountain, Leo Mountain (-2004), Lester Mountain Cardinal, Norman Malone Mountain, Brian Bone, Carrie Bone, Ruby Mountain (1964-2016), Henry Bugle (-2016)
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