Member: Heritage Canada Mountain Parks Aboriginal Advisory Forum
Nations of Jasper Camp Administrator/Host Nation, 2011-2014 Nations of Jasper Assembly
ALBERTA HISTORIC SITES INTERACTIVE SITE
Volume 3:03 March 2016
Newsheet of the Mountain Clan
718 * Blackfalds, Alberta * CANADA TOM OJO * 1-403-885-2991
www.inewhistory.com c/o email@example.com
Tanisi. Hello again. Welcome the Mountain News.
Back copies of Mountain News
NEW DEMOCRATIC PARTY (NDP)
As we said before, the NDP as a provincial government have turned out to be
duds and definately no better than the Conservatives. Spend, spend, spend,
corporate welfare, and bigger bureaucracy. What is wrong with these people?
True to NDP doctine (ideology) their approach is the Big Brother dictatorial
approach. We know what is best for you and you will like it - or else! You
know the old Communist approach After the Revolution Everyone Will Be Happy
- Those That are Not Will Be Shot!
Nothing appears to have changed.
The NDP claim to be the party with the interests of the the Ordinary Man, the
Disenfranchised, and the Aboriginals at heart. However, they have shown them-
selves to be none of that.
The NDP have shown themselves to be no friendlier to aboriginal issues and
concerns than were the Conservatives. They also refuse to respond to communica-
tions from aboriginal groups regarding concerns raised. They also do not
recognize non-Treaty bands as being legal entities - even though the Supreme
Court of Canada has ruled that they are - and so refuse to deal with them.
They have shown no interest in supporting aboriginal economic development
They have done nothing about the failure of the Trans Mountain pipeline to
identify or protect First Nations Cultural Sites located along the pipeline
route, including burials and medicine wheels - but have approved that work
even though it is not up to professional standards - for which the Province
has previously barred other archaeologists from working in the province.
They have done nothing to protect aboriginal Cultural History sites. These
are both in violation of Legal requirements, and Breach of Trust with the
First Nations and the Alberta public to protect such cultural sites.
Rather, they have acted no different than the Conservatives. Spending on
rediculous projects. Creating new questionable positions. Hiring more staff
at exhorbitant wages. Cronyism. Raise the costs for the citizen and channel
more money to big business.
They have raised the living costs of the average low-income Albertan by 10%.
They have done nothing to benefit the average Albertan, let alone aboriginal
Unless they change, there is no way they will not be re-elected. NoNDP.
Anybody but NDP.
I repeat, Prime Minister Trudeau has been saying all the right things and even
taken some action on them. He Talks The Talk, but does he Walk The Walk?
Sp far it has been mainly Talk, Promises and Photo Ops, with little money
following up - other than the $4.8 billion spent overseas and the money spent
on Trudeau's travelling around the world .
Tp be fair, some of these promises are welcome. Missing Women. Aboriginal
Health. Aboriginal Education. Community development in isolated aboriginal
Like the past Conservativse, so far the Liberals have shown they have no
interest in aboriginal economic development initiatives, which is the key to
Aboriginal development and self-reliance.
Their main (unhealhy) OCD fixation has been refugees, at a cost of $35,000
per refugee. They can now come into this country regardless of what health
issues they have. They can come in to the country and be elegible for Canada
Pension support, even though they never contributed a penny to the Canada
Pension or the Canadian Economu. They can come into the country even if they
have been involved with terrorist organizations.
At the same time they have spent $ZERO on Canadian problem issues - homeles-
sness, poverty and aboriginal issues.
On the other hand, they did give out a welfare package to Bormbardier Corporation (in Quebec)
of $2 BILLION.
And we're talking about things like addressing the Residential School Issue;
the Missing Women Issue; the 300 aboriginal communities without clean water;
the 290 aboriginal communities without a school; the failure of the National
Energy Board/Government to enforce the Supreme Court Duty To Consult rulings.
Syrians are more important that Canadian aboriginals.
An indication of how supportive the NDP, Liberals and Conservatives are for
Aboriginal Development is indicated by the fact that none of them have any
advertising or placement in the largest internet aboriginal website and paper.
However, I do have to give the Prime Minister's office full credit on another
issue. I have been in touch with the PM office on several occasion. On each
and every occasion the PM office has responded with great courtesy and con-
sideration (with form letters), and appears to be giving serious considera-
tion the issues that were brought to their attention.
Although I have been on the verge of giving up on the Liberals, some recent
promises have kept me engaged. So far they still have my Goodwill.
A consortium including the Mountain Cree have begun the planning process to
develop a $10 MILLION dollar development of the Cultural Heritage Temple
Mounds site in central Alberta. This would preserve and protect the site,
develop the site, and make it available to the public to visit and use the
site. The site is 1,000 years old, an old First Nations ceremonial and
farming village. It has/had burial mounds, temples and temple mounds, a
village with main street, ponds and farmsteads. We are currently undertaking
fundraising activity and have some conditional promises for some $3 MILLION.
The government of Alberta, of course, has no interest.
PIPELINES TO NOWHERE
Like I have been saying, the pipelines are dead in the water. There will be no
pipelines built in the forseeable future.
Mountain News, November
Mountain News, December
Mountain News, January
Mountain News, February
People complain about welfare - especially about aboriginals receiving welfare
- conveniently forgetting that all the lands and resources in Canada have been
stolen from the aboriginal peoples without compensation. Canada has been living
and profiting from this theft for 200 years. Had it not been stolen, each and
every aboriginal in Canada would be a multi-millionair.
On the other hand, Canadian governments have been more than generous in
handing out welfare to Corporate Canada.
5 BILLION spent overseas (mainly for Syrian refugees)
4 BILLION bailout to GM
2 BILLION bailout to Bombardier
2 BILLION cigarette taxes relief for Rothmans
170 MILLION Oil Company bailouts
1 MILLION per job created in Atlantic Canada
500,000 spent by Premier Redford to attend the Olympics
Just to mention a few.
For the average Canadian - Nothing so far.
Mountain News, April
FIRST NATIONS EXCLUSION
The flawed National Energy Board is merely the most
recent example of the POLITICS OF EXCLUSION that has
been practiced by the Governments and Establishment in
Canada. It is an intentional policy of excluding the
First Nations from benefitting from the use of First
Nations lands and resources.
The policy dates back to the 1870's, from the moment
that the Government of Canada decided to make Treaties
with the First Nations. The purpose of the Treaties
was to take away the land and resources from the First
Nations. The policy was one firstly of Ethnic Cleansing
- removing the First Nations from the land - and
secondly, of taking away the First Nations rights and
subjecting them to exclusive domination. Both of these
were contrary to International Law and to promises made
in the treaties.
The intent of the POLITICS OF EXCLUSION is to concentrate
power and wealth in a small special-interest group, which is commonly refer-
red to as THE ESTABLISHMENT. The Establisment makes up the political parties
and political leadership, and the corporate owners and managers.
DESTRUCTION OF THE COMMONS
A common tactic of the Establishment is the Destruction of The Commons.
Historically, lands were owned by the community as a whole. The Destruction of
the Commons is the move by the Establishment to take away these lands from the
community and put the ownership into the hands of the leadership of the
Establishment. This was done by the Government of Canada after the signing of
the treaties. This land transfer was illegal, as the treaties did not legally
transfer this land (or contents) to Canada. Again, this was part of the
policy of Ethnic Cleansing - get the First Nations off the land (and confined
to reserves) so that the land can be claimed and sold by the Establishment
for their own benefit.
The Destruction of the Commons was not a phenomenone exclusive to Canada. It
had been practiced in Europe for some time, where the Peasants were deprived of
their Common Lands. In Germany it was the principal cause behind the Peasant
Revolts, which lasted several hundred years and laid waste to much of central
Europe. In Scotland it led to the Clan Wars of the Scottish clans against the
English which lasted several hundred years and is the main cause behind the
Scottish Independence movement today. In Ireland it led to centuries of
warfare which has only recently ended (if it actually has).
History teaches us that Destruction of the Commons invariably leads to ongoing
uprisings by those deprived (be they Peasants or First Nations) that last for
centuries. It does not end until those deprived are justly compenstated or
become full participants in their society.
However, the Establishment normally resists compensation or inclusion of the
Colonialism is the extreme case of Destruction of The Commons.
History has shown us that in no case does the Colonial power Establishment
surrender it's powers, turn over the colony to the orignal occupants, or
integrate the indiginous occupants into the Establishment willingly. In
every case, the powers that be - the Establishment - will attempt to side-
track or minimize any advances or gains made by the colonised people.
Even when the courts rule that the colonized people have certain rights and
the government certain obligations (as has the Supreme Court of Canda), the
Establishment will try to circumvent or side-track the law. A common tactic
is to establish a process to settle the matter, and make it so convoluted
and expensive that it is virtually impossible to succeed. Such is the case
with the National Energy Board Hearings, Alberta Utilities Commission Hearings
and Energy Resouces Conservation Board processes. This is standard proceedure
in colonial situations. At one time First Nations were prohibited by law from
even questioning government decisions and process.
History has shown that in every case (except India), the lands were returned
to the indiginous only after armed rebellion by the indiginous people. In
India Ghandi's non-violent rebellion worked simply because India's population
so massively outnumbered the British that the threat of violence was enough.
The only remaining colonial occupations today are Canada, Australia, New
Zealand and the United States - all of them Anglo colonies. And even here,
Australia, New Zealand and the U.S. have returned more rights to the indigi-
nous than has Canada.
For a while it seemed that Canada was about to take steps towards compensating
the First Nations for the lands and resources stolen from them, as it was
instructed to do by the Supreme Court. Of course, the government has tried to
sidestep this obligation through a convoluted "Consultation" process, which
in turn has been hijacked by the corporate Establishment.
In other words, it is going nowhere fast.
The ultimate lesson of history is that the First Nations people should not
expect to be either compensated of integrated into mainstream. The Establish-
ment will not allow it. History shows that the Establishment will only relent
after a successful rebellion.
Problem with that is that this rarely results in any improvement in the con-
dition of the "Peasants", the ordinary person. All it does is put in a new
Establishment, who are usually worse than the ones the replace. But that is
THE MOUNTAIN PEOPLE - The First Chiefs
The most prominent chiefs of the ASINI WACHI WI INIWAK were KONA WAPA, CHAT
KA, MASKI PITON, PESEW, CHAT KA and KISKIYEW (Snow White, Broken Arm, Louis
Joseph Piche, Left Hand and Alexis 'Bobtail' Piche).
KONA WAPA rose to become the Head Chief of the Mountain People and the West
People. Yearly he led his people east to Hudson Bay and the Great Lakes to
visit the trading posts during the early years of the fur trade to bring back
trade goods to the west. His daughter married Anthony Henday and they had
several children who remained with the Mountain Cree.
CHAT KA was originally Head Chief of the southern Nakoda on the Missouri
River. He was a well known and notorious Chief. After the 1839 smallpox
epidemic he led some of the survivors - with all the orphans he could find -
to the Alberta foothills, where he became a respected
MASKI PITON was a notorious warrior in his youth and rose to become the Head
Chief of not only the Mountain People, but also of the West People and the
Plains Cree and Nakoda. His travels took his band as far east as Manitoba
and Minnesota, south to New Mexico, and west to Idaho. He himself visited
the Pacific and Wasington, D.C.
PESEW (Louis Joseph Piche) was orignally from the Great Lakes. He joined the
fur trade and served at Red River and Lake Athabasca. He helped build Fort
Edmonton, Rocky Mountain House and Bow Fort. He was the Senior Guide for the
Saskatchewan Boat Brigade and the Chief Wrangler for the Northwest Company
pack trains into Jasper and to Athabasca Pass. He rose to become the Head
Chief of the ASINI WACHI WI INIWAK and the West People. He was a low-key chief
who kept the peace with neighboring people. His travels took him to Washington,
Montana, North Dakota, Idaho, British Columbia and Washington. He was the
guide and wrangler who took Hudson's Bay Governor across the mountains to
Washington. Almost all subsequent Cree and Nakoda chiefs in the west were
sons or son-in-laws of PESEW.
KISKIYEW (Alexis 'Bobtail' Piche) was the son of PESEW. Like PESEW, he rose to
become the Head Chief of not only the ASINI WACHI WI INIWAK, but also of all
the Upstream People of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Like his father, he worked to
maintain peaceful relations with his neighbors. His travels took him to New
Mexico, Washinton, Manitoba and Minnesota. He helped build Rocky Mountain
House, Bow Fort, Fort Benton and Fort Whoop-Up. In 1871 he facilitated a
inter-tribal peace that would take in all the tribes of the northern plains;
it has never been broken.
JACQUES CARDINAL, son-in-law of PESEW was originally from the Great Lakes area
who spent some 10 years as a canoeman for David Thompson. He was the scout who
led Thompson across the Howse Pass. He was stationed at Jasper House for 25
years, effectively in charge of that post. He was the founder of the Paul
Band and today has over 200,000 descendants in Alberta.
Maski Piton's Band publication
Louis Joseph Piche publication
Jacques Cardinal publication
Mountain News, November
Mountain News, December
Mountain News, January
Mountain News, February
Mountain News, April
DID YOU KNOW - There are about 300,000 descendants of the Bobtail Band. About
half are Non-Treaty
JASPER 2016 NATIONAL ABORIGINAL DAY CELEBRATIONS
Aboriginal Days celebrations at Jasper are scheduled to be held on Saturday June 18. As usual,
Odin and I will be there on Friday, Saturday, Sunday and leave Monday. Plan to be there with
Here again is another opportunity for our drummers and dancers to take part. The first Registered
drum groups will be paid. Pay is usually $1,000 or better.
Odin will again host a feast at the Cultural grounds. There will again be opportunities for family
participants to take part in activities and earn some traveling money. I will post these jobs later.
I plan to canoe the Athabasca River and will probably do some storytelling.
If you have any traditional knowlege, teachings or artifacts that you would like to share, Parks
is interested in having you share them.. Let me known.
Admission to the Park will be free and camping at the designated camping area will be free for
members and guests.
Previously Enbridge provided some funding. We hope to be able to obtain some events funding
again this year from sponsors.
The following Jobs are available to Mountain members
ATCO Electric: Summer Student (Post-secondary): various positions
Banff Lodges of Banff Park: Housekeeping, Maintainance
Banff Springs Hotel: Housekeeping
Cline River Resort: Housekeeping, Maintainance
Jasper Brewster Glacier Icefields Tours: Maintainance Man, Driver
Jasper Brewster Glacier Icefields Chateau: Housekeeping
Jasper National Park: Summer Student (Post-secondary) Parks Interpreter
Jasper Pine Cabins: Housekeeping
Jasper Pyramid Lake Lodge & Cabins: Housekeeping
Kider-Morgan Trans-Canada Pipeline, Edmonton District: Engineer
Kider-Morgan Trans-Canada Pipeline, Edmonton District: Security Supervisor
North Saskatchewan River Crossing: Housekeeping, Maintainance
Social Media Blog Editor
Aboriginal Days positions:
Drum Group (June 18, Jasper; pay $1,000.00+)
Tourism Service: Sales Clerk/Booth Attendant
Tourism Service: Photo Booth operator (posing in costume with tourists)
If you want to get the monthly Mountain News send me your e-mail. Let other
family members know too.
Do Not Forget! This year I am offering to give a Graduation Gown to any of the
girls in the family who graduate (matriculation/University Admission) from High
School, from College (Certificate/Diploma) or University (Bachelor Degree).
The offer is open to families registered with the family society. So register.
I would like to propose that next year the family sponsor an Honoring
Ceremony and Giveaway in honor of all our family members who have died. I
pledge $1,000.00 towards such a ceremony.
JASPER NATIONAL PARK
The offer from Jasper National Park for preferential treatment (waived fees)
for members of the family is still open. To enter into an agreement with
Jasper I need the participation of two family elders to sign the agreement.
Back Issues: www.inewhistory.com/mtnblog.html
They are available from any bookstore, amazon.com or lulu.com. Lulu is cheapest.
Sisip Pimotew O Koma (c1610-), Atspu (c1630-), Sisip Pimotew (c1650-),
Ki Tonahew Api (c1715-1808c), Kona Wapa (c1715-1774c), Anthony Henday
(c1735-), Ente Iskwew (c1735-), Ente Iskwew O Ka Sisa (1755-), Louis
Joseph Piche (c1776-1843), Magdalene Apitas Iskwew () Piche, Ki Tonahew
Wiyan () Hughes (-1819) Piche, Jacques Cardinal (c1777-1839), Piyesiwak
Chak Petit Couteau (-1848), Pesew Iskwew (Piche) Cardinal (c1800-),
Alexis Bobtail Piche (c1810-1900), Susanne (Cardinal) Kline (c1805-),
Jean Baptiste Cardinal, Weasel Mountain (c1850-), Asini Wachi Pime,
Isabelle Piche, Susanne (Dion) Mountain, Adam Mountain (c1850-),
Pikwanis Bugle (c1867-), Magdalene (Klyne) Schock (-1952), Joseph
Cardinal (1890-), Justine (Cardinal) Penner, Felix Cardinal, Isdadore
Desjarlais (1903-), Mike Mountain (1908-), Julia (Cardinal) Mountain,
Magloire Cardinal, Lawrence Mountain (1918-1988), Leo Mountain (c1911-
2005), Kathleen (Cardinal) Mountain, Elsie (Cardinal) Quintal, Willi
Fromhold (1923-1993), George Mountain (-1994), Sam Bone, Maryanne
Mountain (1944-1980), Stanley Ross Mountain (1938-1980), Noral Mountain,
Philippe Mountain (-1986), Elizabeth Mountain (-2005), Adam Mountain
(-2005), Ashley Mountain (-1993), Joan A. Mountain (1962-1995), Cory
Mountain (-2005c), Edna Mountain (1960-2005), Irene Mountain (1958-1994),
Jane Mountain, Lawrence Francis Mountain, Leo Mountain (-2004), Lester
Mountain Cardinal, Norman Malone Mountain, Brian Bone, Carrie Bone,
Ruby Mountain (1964-2016), Henry Bugle (-2016)
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